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Adriana Erthal Abdenur is a Brazilian policy expert and the Executive Director of Plataforma CIPÓ, an independent, women-led research institute dedicated to issues of climate, governance and peace in Latin America and the Caribbean and across the Global South. Dr. Abdenur is a Policy Fellow at the United Nations University's Center for Policy Res...

Adriana Abdenur

Plataforma CIPÓ

Adriana Erthal Abdenur is a Brazilian policy expert and the Executive Director of Plataforma CIPÓ, an independent, women-led research institute dedicated to issues of climate, governance and peace in Latin America and the Caribbean and across the Global South. Dr. Abdenur is a Policy Fellow at the...

Agriculture and food
Mining
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Sustainability standards
Latin America


Eine lange Reihe von Störungen des Welthandels in den letzten Jahren hat eine Reorganisation der internationalen Lieferketten auf die politische Tagesordnung gebracht. Die Unregelmäßigkeiten begannen mit dem Handelskrieg zwischen den USA und China, setzten sich fort mit der Covid-19-Pandemie und ...


Nora Aboushady is a Researcher in the "Research Network Sustainable Global Supply Chains" project at the German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS), and Assistant Professor of Economics at the Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University. She holds a Ph.D. from the Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po). ...

Nora Aboushady

German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS)

Nora Aboushady is a Researcher in the "Research Network Sustainable Global Supply Chains" project at the German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS), and Assistant Professor of Economics at the Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University. She holds a Ph.D. from the Ins...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
The Middle East and North Africa
EU / Western Europe
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Latin America
Eastern/Non-EU Europe and Central Asia
North America


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We use new data on political connections from the World Bank Enterprise Surveys to examine the impact of connections on firms’ participation in global value chains (GVCs) for six MENA countries (Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, the West Bank and Gaza, Jordan, and Lebanon). In addition to political connect...


Dr. Matthew AIford is a Senior Lecturer at the Alliance Manchester Business School, University of Manchester. His research interrogates questions of development in the context of globalization, transnational trading networks and labour. More specifically, he focuses on the role of nation states in governing labour, and how public regulations intera...

Matthew Alford

Alliance Manchester Business School, University of Manchester.

Dr. Matthew AIford is a Senior Lecturer at the Alliance Manchester Business School, University of Manchester. His research interrogates questions of development in the context of globalization, transnational trading networks and labour. More specifically, he focuses on the role of nation states in g...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Sub-saharan Africa
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


This paper examines the role of state policymaking in a context of global value chains (GVCs). While the literature acknowledges that states matter in GVCs, there is little understanding of how they matter from a policy perspective. We address this tension between theory and practice by first deline...


Tilman Altenburg leads the research programme “Transformation of Economic and Social Systems” at German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE). He received his doctorate in Economic Geography in 1991. Tilman has done empirical research on economic development in Latin America, Asia and Africa, with a focus on ...

Tilman Altenburg

German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

Tilman Altenburg leads the research programme “Transformation of Economic and Social Systems” at German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE). He received his doctorate in Economic Geography in 1991. Tilman has done empirical research on economic development i...



Antonio Andreoni is Professor of Development Economics at the Department of Economics, SOAS University of London. He is also Honorary Professor at the Institute for Innovation and Public Purpose, University College London, and Visiting Professor at the South African Research Chair in Industrial Development, University of Johannesburg. He has publis...

Antonio Andreoni

SOAS University of London

Antonio Andreoni is Professor of Development Economics at the Department of Economics, SOAS University of London. He is also Honorary Professor at the Institute for Innovation and Public Purpose, University College London, and Visiting Professor at the South African Research Chair in Industrial Deve...

Trade and FDI
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining


Addressing the climate change crisis calls for an accelerated deployment of renewableenergy technologies – solar panels and wind turbines – as well as a shift towards electric vehicles (EV) (Bainton et al., 2021). The manufacturing of these technologies, however, relies on the availability and s...


Pol Antràs is Robert G. Ory Professor of Economics at Harvard University, where he has taught since 2003. He is also a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), where he served as Director of the International Trade and Organization (ITO) Working Group. He is also a Research Affiliate at the Centre for Economic Policy ...

Pol Antràs

Harvard University

Pol Antràs is Robert G. Ory Professor of Economics at Harvard University, where he has taught since 2003. He is also a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), where he served as Director of the International Trade and Organization (ITO) Working Group. He is also a Res...

Trade and FDI
Services


A key decision facing firms is the extent of control to exert over the different stages in their production processes. We develop and test a property rights model of firm boundary choices along the value chain. We construct firm-level measures of the upstreamness of integrated and nonintegrated inpu...


I am a Senior Researcher at the Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development (CCRED) at the University of Johannesburg, South Africa. Before joining CCRED, I was a Research Officer at the Technology and Management Centre for Development (TMCD), Oxford Department of International Development (ODID), University of Oxford. I was also a ...

Elvis K. Avenyo

Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development (CCRED), the University of Johannesburg

I am a Senior Researcher at the Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development (CCRED) at the University of Johannesburg, South Africa. Before joining CCRED, I was a Research Officer at the Technology and Management Centre for Development (TMCD), Oxford Department of International Devel...



Jennifer Bair is a sociologist of globalization, with interests in trade and the political economy of development, and the relationship between gender and work. Her research agenda centers on the comparative study of export-led development, and she has conducted fieldwork in Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Bangladesh. She ...

Jennifer Bair

University of Virginia

Jennifer Bair is a sociologist of globalization, with interests in trade and the political economy of development, and the relationship between gender and work. Her research agenda centers on the comparative study of export-led development, and she has conducted fieldwork in Mexico, the Dominican R...

Trade and FDI
Services
Social and working conditions
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


Over the last decade, the global value chain (GVC) approach, with its associated notions of chain governance and firm upgrading, has proliferated as a mode of analysis and of intervention amongst development institutions. This article examines the adoption and adaptation of GVCs at four multilateral...


Penny Bamber is a global value chain specialist, with over fifteen years of experience working at the intersection of international economics and economic development with Duke University. Her expertise lies in examining global industry dynamics to identify opportunities for different actors to engage and, developing strategies and solutions for th...

Penny Bamber

Duke Center for International Development

Penny Bamber is a global value chain specialist, with over fifteen years of experience working at the intersection of international economics and economic development with Duke University. Her expertise lies in examining global industry dynamics to identify opportunities for different actors to enga...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
The Middle East and North Africa
EU / Western Europe
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Latin America
Eastern/Non-EU Europe and Central Asia
North America


The overarching topic of this year's report is "The Role of Geopolitics in Global Supply Chains", highlighting ways in which recent geopolitical and geo-economic developments are shaping and influencing current debates and policy processes around global supply chains (GSCs). Following...


Dr. Sanchita Banerjee Saxena is a researcher working at the intersection of social science, public policy, and human rights. She is currently the Executive Director of the Institute for South Asia Studies at UC Berkeley and the Director of the Subir and Malini Chowdhury Center for Bangladesh Studies under the Institute. She is also a lecturer of re...

Sanchita Banerjee Saxena

University of California at Berkeley

Dr. Sanchita Banerjee Saxena is a researcher working at the intersection of social science, public policy, and human rights. She is currently the Executive Director of the Institute for South Asia Studies at UC Berkeley and the Director of the Subir and Malini Chowdhury Center for Bangladesh Studies...

South Asia
Social and working conditions
Energy


This timely collection brings together original explorations of the COVID-19 pandemic and its wide-ranging, global effects on human rights. The contributors argue that a human rights perspective is necessary to understand the pervasive consequences of the crisis, while focusing attention on those...


Justin has a 25-year track record in Global Value Chain research and international industrial and trade policy development. He was recently responsible for compiling Mauritius’ new industrial policy, and led the development of South Africa’s automotive, extra heavy transport equipment, and clothing, textiles, and footwear masterplans. He has co...

Justin Barnes


Justin has a 25-year track record in Global Value Chain research and international industrial and trade policy development. He was recently responsible for compiling Mauritius’ new industrial policy, and led the development of South Africa’s automotive, extra heavy transport equipment, and cloth...

Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa


Through a series of government plans, the South African automotive industry has achieved undeniable success, especially in terms of its export orientation. The industry uses efficient technologies and is integrated into global markets. However, major structural weaknesses exist. Export growth has no...


Stephanie Barrientos is Professor Emerita in the Global Development Institute at The University of Manchester. She was previously a Research Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex. She gained her BA and PhD in Political Economy at the University of Kent. She has researched and published widely on gender, global product...

Stephanie Barrientos

University of Manchester

Stephanie Barrientos is Professor Emerita in the Global Development Institute at The University of Manchester. She was previously a Research Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex. She gained her BA and PhD in Political Economy at the University of Kent. She has researc...



Private governance channelled through social compliance programmes and gender initiatives of multinational companies have had limited impact in tackling gender discrimination in global value chains (GVCs). The United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs) provide a public–...


Dr. Axel Berger is a Senior Researcher at the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), Programme Transformation of Economic and Social Systems. He is heading the G20 Policy Research Group at DIE and led the T20 Task Force on Trade, Investment and Tax in 2017, 2018 and 2019. Axel holds a doctorate in politica...

Axel Berger

German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

Dr. Axel Berger is a Senior Researcher at the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), Programme Transformation of Economic and Social Systems. He is heading the G20 Policy Research Group at DIE and led the T20 Task Force on Trade, Investment and Tax in 2017,...

Trade and FDI
Services
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Uncategorized


Environmental provisions in preferential trade agreements (PTAs) are increasing in terms of their number and variety. The economic effects of these environmental provisions remain largely unclear. It is, therefore, necessary to determine whether the trend to incorporate environmental provisions in P...


Emily Blanchard is an Associate Professor at the Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College, a Research Fellow with the Center for Economic Policy Research, and a member of the CES Ifo Research Network. Professor Blanchard's research lies at the intersection of international economics and public policy. She has written extensively on how foreign ...

Emily Blanchard

Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College

Emily Blanchard is an Associate Professor at the Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College, a Research Fellow with the Center for Economic Policy Research, and a member of the CES Ifo Research Network. Professor Blanchard's research lies at the intersection of international economics and public p...

Trade and FDI


How do global value chain (GVC) linkages modify countries’ incentives to imposeimport protection? Are these linkages empirically important determinants of tradepolicy in practice? To address these questions, we develop a new approach to mod-eling tariff setting with GVCs, in which opti...


Jan Börner is Senior Researcher at Zentrum für Entwicklungsforschung (ZEF) and a Professor for Economics of Sustainable Land Use and Bioeconomy at University of Bonn. He holds a M.Sc. in International Agricultural Sciences from Humboldt University, Berlin, and a Dr. agr. from the University of Bonn. His research areas of interest are land use a...

Jan Börner

Zentrum für Entwicklungsforschung

Jan Börner is Senior Researcher at Zentrum für Entwicklungsforschung (ZEF) and a Professor for Economics of Sustainable Land Use and Bioeconomy at University of Bonn. He holds a M.Sc. in International Agricultural Sciences from Humboldt University, Berlin, and a Dr. agr. from the University of B...

Agriculture and food
Environment and climate change
Latin America


The Amazon Fund is the world's largest program to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+), funded with over US $1b donated by Norway and Germany between 2008 and 2017 to reward Brazil for prior deforestation reductions. Olhos D'Água da Amazônia is cited as a le...


Clara Brandi is Head of the Research Programme “Transformations of Economic and Social Systems” at the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE). She holds a PhD from the European University Institute, a Master’s degree from the University of Oxford (MPhil in Politics) and a Master’s degree in economic...

Clara Brandi

German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

Clara Brandi is Head of the Research Programme “Transformations of Economic and Social Systems” at the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE). She holds a PhD from the European University Institute, a Master’s degree from the University of Oxford (MPhi...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
Services
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


Environmental provisions in preferential trade agreements (PTAs) are increasing in terms of their number and variety. The economic effects of these environmental provisions remain largely unclear. It is, therefore, necessary to determine whether the trend to incorporate environmental provisions in P...


Michael Brüntrup is an agricultural engineer and holds a PhD in agricultural economics. After some year in academics and as a freelance consultant, he works at the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) since 2003. His interests cover topics related to agriculture and rural development, trade policy and fo...

Michael Brüntrup

German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

Michael Brüntrup is an agricultural engineer and holds a PhD in agricultural economics. After some year in academics and as a freelance consultant, he works at the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) since 2003. His interests cover topics related to agri...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Sub-saharan Africa
Environment and climate change
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


Lars Buur has been Associate Professor in the Department of Social Sciences and Business at Roskilde University, Denmark, since 2014. His research focuses on the political economy of extractive natural resource governance and post-conflict state formation in Southern and Eastern Africa. From 2015-2020, he was Programme Coordinator of the HIERARCHIE...

Lars Buur

Roskilde University

Lars Buur has been Associate Professor in the Department of Social Sciences and Business at Roskilde University, Denmark, since 2014. His research focuses on the political economy of extractive natural resource governance and post-conflict state formation in Southern and Eastern Africa. From 2015-20...

Trade and FDI
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
Social and working conditions


It is a common view that states in the developing world with substantial extractive natural resource discoveries may not have the capacity to tax and regulate multinational companies in the sector. In this article, we show that ruling elites in recently resource-rich Tanzania, and in Uganda – expe...


Julia Cajal Grossi is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Economics at the Graduate Institute (IHEID). She holds a PhD from University of Warwick and was awarded the Robert Solow Postdoctoral Fellowship by the Cournot Center. She is an empirical microeconomist and her research focuses on development, trade and industrial organisation. Her c...

Julia Cajal Grossi

The Graduate Institute Geneva (IHEID)

Julia Cajal Grossi is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Economics at the Graduate Institute (IHEID). She holds a PhD from University of Warwick and was awarded the Robert Solow Postdoctoral Fellowship by the Cournot Center. She is an empirical microeconomist and her research focuses on dev...

Trade and FDI
South Asia
Energy


Do suppliers' margins in global value chains depend on buyers' approach to sourcing? We distinguish between international buyers adopting relational versus spot sourcing strategies in the Bangladeshi garment sector. Our data allow us to match inputs used by exporters to produce specific or...


Federico Cammelli is a postdoctoral researcher at the Environmental Policy Lab of ETH Zurich. He received his PhD in Economics from the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU). His research focuses on designing and assessing public and private policies to mitigate commodity driven deforestation and forest degradation in the Brazilian Amazon, G...

Federico Cammelli

Environmental Policy Lab, Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences, ETH Zürich

Federico Cammelli is a postdoctoral researcher at the Environmental Policy Lab of ETH Zurich. He received his PhD in Economics from the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU). His research focuses on designing and assessing public and private policies to mitigate commodity driven deforestation...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


Global supply chains affect the economy, the environment and social welfare in many ways. Worldwide, economies are experiencing global supply shortages today, affecting key industries such as automotive and consumer electronics as well as vaccine and medical supplies industries. These preoccupy poli...


Inga Carry is a Research Assistant in the “Research Network Sustainable Global Supply Chains” project at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP). Her research focuses primarily on environmental crime, resource conflicts, and security policy. She previously worked as a researcher for the trilateral environmental organiz...

Inga Carry

German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP)

Inga Carry is a Research Assistant in the “Research Network Sustainable Global Supply Chains” project at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP). Her research focuses primarily on environmental crime, resource conflicts, and security policy. She previously worked as a r...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
The Middle East and North Africa
EU / Western Europe
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America
Eastern/Non-EU Europe and Central Asia
North America


Water scarcity, pollution, and unequal distribution add complexity to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In response, EcoPeace Middle East engages Israelis, Palestinians, and Jordanians in cross-border environmental cooperation while promoting dialogue and trust among members of all three societies. ...


Davin Chor is an Associate Professor and Globalization Chair at the Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College. He received his AB, AM, and PhD from Harvard University, and was previously Associate Professor at the National University of Singapore and Visiting Assistant Professor at Princeton University. His research interests are in internationa...

Davin Chor

Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College

Davin Chor is an Associate Professor and Globalization Chair at the Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College. He received his AB, AM, and PhD from Harvard University, and was previously Associate Professor at the National University of Singapore and Visiting Assistant Professor at Princeton Univ...

Trade and FDI
East Asia and Pacific


A key decision facing firms is the extent of control to exert over the different stages in their production processes. We develop and test a property rights model of firm boundary choices along the value chain. We construct firm-level measures of the upstreamness of integrated and nonintegrated inpu...


Neil M. Coe is Professor of Economic Geography at the Department of Geography and Co-Director of the Global Production Networks Centre (GPN@NUS) at the National University of Singapore. His research interests are in the areas of global production networks and local economic development; the geographies of local and transnational labour markets; the...

Neil M. Coe

National University of Singapore

Neil M. Coe is Professor of Economic Geography at the Department of Geography and Co-Director of the Global Production Networks Centre (GPN@NUS) at the National University of Singapore. His research interests are in the areas of global production networks and local economic development; the geograph...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


Although logistics are fundamentally geographical and of critical importance to contemporary society, it is only relatively recently that human geographers and cognate social scientists have started to meaningfully engage with the topic. This paper explores this recent growth of interest, which enco...


Dr Reena das Nair is a Senior Researcher at the Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development (CCRED) and Programme Coordinator and Senior Lecturer in the Master of Commerce in Competition and Economic Regulation programme at the University of Johannesburg, South Africa. Reena has worked for specialist economic consultancy Acacia ...

Reena das Nair

University of Johannesburg

Dr Reena das Nair is a Senior Researcher at the Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development (CCRED) and Programme Coordinator and Senior Lecturer in the Master of Commerce in Competition and Economic Regulation programme at the University of Johannesburg, South Africa. Reena has ...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa


This chapter evaluates the extent of 'supermarketisation' and internationalisation of supermarket chains and the implications on consumers, suppliers and the competitive landscape. While the degree of both supermarketisation and internationalisation has not been to the extent that was pred...


Gaaitzen de Vries is associate professor at the Groningen Growth and Development Centre at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands, professor of global value chains at the University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China, and UNU-WIDER non-residential senior research fellow. He has been part of the World Input-Output Database...

Gaaitzen de Vries

University of Groningen

Gaaitzen de Vries is associate professor at the Groningen Growth and Development Centre at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands, professor of global value chains at the University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China, and UNU-WIDER non-residential senior research fellow. H...



MNEs shape the location of activities in the world economy, linking diverse regions in what has been called the global factory. This study portrays the evolution of incomes and employment in the global factory using a quantitative input–output approach. We find emerging economies forging ahead rel...


Amirah El-Haddad is a senior economist at the German Development Institute (DIE) and Professor of Economics at the Faculty of Economics and Political Sciences (FEPS), Cairo University. She holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Maryland at College Park (2005), during which time she also worked for the World Bank. She is a Research Fellow...

Amirah El-Haddad

German Institute of Development and Sustainability

Amirah El-Haddad is a senior economist at the German Development Institute (DIE) and Professor of Economics at the Faculty of Economics and Political Sciences (FEPS), Cairo University. She holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Maryland at College Park (2005), during which time she also w...



Thomas Farole is Lead Economist in the World Bank’s Sustainable Development Practice in Europe & Central Asia, where he guides the group’s analytical agenda to support the transition to sustainable, resilient, and inclusive economies across the region. He has recently been part of the core team on the World Bank’s World Development Report...

Thomas Farole

World Bank

Thomas Farole is Lead Economist in the World Bank’s Sustainable Development Practice in Europe & Central Asia, where he guides the group’s analytical agenda to support the transition to sustainable, resilient, and inclusive economies across the region. He has recently been part of the core t...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
The Middle East and North Africa
EU / Western Europe
Social and working conditions
Energy
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


Karina Fernandez-Stark is an international consultant and a Senior Fellow at the Duke Center for International Development, who has led numerous research projects related to economic development and competitiveness around the world. She has consulted for the ECLAC, Inter-American Development Bank, OECD, UNCTAD and the World Bank, amongst others. To...

Karina Fernandez-Strack

Duke Center for International Development

Karina Fernandez-Stark is an international consultant and a Senior Fellow at the Duke Center for International Development, who has led numerous research projects related to economic development and competitiveness around the world. She has consulted for the ECLAC, Inter-American Development Bank, O...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
The Middle East and North Africa
EU / Western Europe
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Latin America
Eastern/Non-EU Europe and Central Asia
North America


The overarching topic of this year's report is "The Role of Geopolitics in Global Supply Chains", highlighting ways in which recent geopolitical and geo-economic developments are shaping and influencing current debates and policy processes around global supply chains (GSCs). Following...


Luc Fransen is Associate Professor of International Relations and member of the Political Economy and Transnational Governance (PETGOV) Research Group as well as the Transnational Configurations, Conflict and Governance Research Group. He received his PhD in Social Sciences at the University of Amsterdam in 2010 and has held research and teaching p...

Luc Fransen

University of Amsterdam

Luc Fransen is Associate Professor of International Relations and member of the Political Economy and Transnational Governance (PETGOV) Research Group as well as the Transnational Configurations, Conflict and Governance Research Group. He received his PhD in Social Sciences at the University of Amst...

Sub-saharan Africa
South Asia
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


Over the past three decades, efforts to address human rights and environmental risks in global supply chains have spurred a plethora of industry self-regulation, third-party certification schemes, voluntary due diligence guidelines, and mandatory supply chain regulations. The resulting heterogeneity...


Xiaolan Fu is Director of the Technology and Management Centre for Development (TMCD), Professor of Technology and International Development and Fellow of Green College at Oxford University. She was President of the Chinese Economic Association (Europe) and CEA (UK) (2010-2011). Her research interests include innovation, technology and industrialis...

Xiaolan Fu

University of Oxford, Technology and Management Centre for Development

Xiaolan Fu is Director of the Technology and Management Centre for Development (TMCD), Professor of Technology and International Development and Fellow of Green College at Oxford University. She was President of the Chinese Economic Association (Europe) and CEA (UK) (2010-2011). Her research interes...

Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Services
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia


This study investigates the impact of outward direct investment (ODI) by Chinese MNEs on innovation performance and the conditions under which such an impact is moderated, based on a sample of Chinese firms. The empirical evidence suggests that undertaking ODI leads to an increase in the innovation ...


Rachael Garrett is an Assistant Professor of Environmental Policy at ETH Zürich (Switzerland). Dr. Garrett's research examines interactions between land use, ecosystem services, and economic development at multiple spatial and temporal scales to better understand the drivers and impacts of land change and the effectiveness of existing conservation...

Rachael D. Garrett

Environmental Policy Lab, Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences, ETH Zürich

Rachael Garrett is an Assistant Professor of Environmental Policy at ETH Zürich (Switzerland). Dr. Garrett's research examines interactions between land use, ecosystem services, and economic development at multiple spatial and temporal scales to better understand the drivers and impacts of land cha...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


Global supply chains affect the economy, the environment and social welfare in many ways. Worldwide, economies are experiencing global supply shortages today, affecting key industries such as automotive and consumer electronics as well as vaccine and medical supplies industries. These preoccupy poli...


Gary Gereffi is an Emeritus Professor of Sociology at Duke University and the founding Director of the Duke Global Value Chains (GVC) Center. He received his B.A. degree from the University of Notre Dame and his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Yale University. Gereffi has published over a dozen books and numerous articles on the competitive strategies ...

Gary Gereffi

Duke University

Gary Gereffi is an Emeritus Professor of Sociology at Duke University and the founding Director of the Duke Global Value Chains (GVC) Center. He received his B.A. degree from the University of Notre Dame and his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Yale University. Gereffi has published over a dozen books an...



Global value chains (GVCs) are a key feature of the global economy in the 21st century. They show how international investment and trade create cross-border production networks that link countries, firms and workers around the globe. This Handbook describes how GVCs arise and vary across industries ...


Holger Görg is Professor of International Economics at the University of Kiel, Head of the Research Center “International Trade and Investment” at the Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), and Director of the Kiel Centre for Globalization (KCG). He is also affiliated with the Tuborg Centre for Globalisation and Firms at Aarhus University...

Holger Görg

Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Kiel Centre for Globalization

Holger Görg is Professor of International Economics at the University of Kiel, Head of the Research Center “International Trade and Investment” at the Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), and Director of the Kiel Centre for Globalization (KCG). He is also affiliated with the Tuborg Centr...



The disconnect between the lofty aspirations of firms claiming Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and their shortcomings in practice have caused some observers to question its usefulness. The fallout from events like the Rana Plaza catastrophe has highlighted some of these shortcomings—namely, ...


Janina Grabs is an Assistant Professor of Business and Society at the Department of Society, Politics and Sustainability at ESADE Business School, Barcelona. She received her PhD in Political Science from the University of Münster, Germany, and previously was a post-doctoral researcher at ETH Zurich and visiting researcher at Yale University. Her ...

Janina Grabs

ESADE Business School and Environmental Policy Lab, Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences, ETH Zürich

Janina Grabs is an Assistant Professor of Business and Society at the Department of Society, Politics and Sustainability at ESADE Business School, Barcelona. She received her PhD in Political Science from the University of Münster, Germany, and previously was a post-doctoral researcher at ETH Zuric...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


Global supply chains affect the economy, the environment and social welfare in many ways. Worldwide, economies are experiencing global supply shortages today, affecting key industries such as automotive and consumer electronics as well as vaccine and medical supplies industries. These preoccupy poli...


Maria-Therese Gustafsson is Assistant Senior Lecturer at the Department of Political Science, Stockholm University. Prominent themes in her research are the impacts of global policies and private governance initiatives, on local communities in the Andean region and in Brazil. Empirically, she has focused on the extractive and climate governance, an...

Maria-Therese Gustafsson

Stockholm University

Maria-Therese Gustafsson is Assistant Senior Lecturer at the Department of Political Science, Stockholm University. Prominent themes in her research are the impacts of global policies and private governance initiatives, on local communities in the Andean region and in Brazil. Empirically, she has fo...

Mining
Sustainability standards
Latin America


In recent years, international actors have promoted international norms related to sustainable and inclusive resource governance. However, we know little about how such attempts are contested and adapted in domestic reform processes. Drawing on insights from norm diffusion and institutionalist theor...


Philipp Harms is a Professor of International Economics at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany. His research interests are in international economics, macroeconomics, and political economy. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics from University of St. Gallen, Switzerland....

Philipp Harms

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz

Philipp Harms is a Professor of International Economics at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany. His research interests are in international economics, macroeconomics, and political economy. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics from University of St. Gallen, Switzerland....

Trade and FDI
East Asia and Pacific
Environment and climate change


This paper analyses the determinants of people's attitudes towards foreign direct investment (FDI) using a survey‐based data set that covers a wide range of rich and poor countries. We find that both individual socioeconomic characteristics and macroeconomic and institutional factors shape ag...


Philipp Herkenhoff is a postdoctoral researcher at the Chair of International Finance at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz. His research interests are in international trade, international finance, and global value chains. He holds a PhD from LMU Munich and a MSc in Economics from Goethe University Frankfurt. ...

Philipp Herkenhoff

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz

Philipp Herkenhoff is a postdoctoral researcher at the Chair of International Finance at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz. His research interests are in international trade, international finance, and global value chains. He holds a PhD from LMU Munich and a MSc in Economics from Goethe Universit...

Trade and FDI
South Asia
Social and working conditions
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


In recent decades, a large and increasing number of leading firms in a diverse set of industries have faced allegations of ‘unethical’ practices along their international value chains. In many cases this has triggered consumer boycotts and NGO campaigns, introducing a new link between upstream (...


Bernard is Professor and Director, Global Economics at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute in Florence, Italy. He is also a CEPR Research Fellow, where he co-directs the Trade Policy Research Network; a Senior Associate of the Economic Research Forum for the Arab countries, Turkey and Iran; and a member of ...

Bernard Hoekman

European University Institute

Bernard is Professor and Director, Global Economics at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute in Florence, Italy. He is also a CEPR Research Fellow, where he co-directs the Trade Policy Research Network; a Senior Associate of the Economic Research Forum for the...

Trade and FDI


Dr. Joerg S. Hofstetter, an expert in sustainability, procurement and multinational multi-tier value chains with over 20 years of experience, is Associate Professor in Supply Chain Management at KEDGE Business School Bordeaux, President of the International Forum on Sustainable Value Chains (ISVC), Lecturer at the University of St. Gallen, and Fell...

Joerg Hofstetter

KEDGE Business School, France

Dr. Joerg S. Hofstetter, an expert in sustainability, procurement and multinational multi-tier value chains with over 20 years of experience, is Associate Professor in Supply Chain Management at KEDGE Business School Bordeaux, President of the International Forum on Sustainable Value Chains (ISVC), ...

Trade and FDI
Sub-saharan Africa
Sustainability standards
Uncategorized


Sub-supplier compliance with a focal firm's corporate sustainability standards (CSS) is increasingly recognized as an important dimension of sustainable supply chain management. This paper draws on recent sub-supplier management studies and their critical success factors (CSFs) to investigate t...


Ms. Marion Jansen is Director of the Trade and Agriculture Directorate (TAD) at the OECD since 14 September 2020. Before joining the OECD, Ms. Jansen was the Director for the Division of Market Development and Chief Economist at the International Trade Centre (ITC) in Geneva having also been their Section Chief for Research and Strategies for Expor...

Marion Jansen

OECD

Ms. Marion Jansen is Director of the Trade and Agriculture Directorate (TAD) at the OECD since 14 September 2020. Before joining the OECD, Ms. Jansen was the Director for the Division of Market Development and Chief Economist at the International Trade Centre (ITC) in Geneva having also been their S...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
Services
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


Defining and measuring competitiveness remains a subject of interest as well as debate: policy makers need to understand how competitive their country is relative to others, and how their competitive position evolves overtime (Fagerberg & Srholec, 2017). As such, well-known indicators of country...


David Kaplan is Professor of Business Government Relations and Professor of Economics at the University of Cape Town. He has extensive experience in working with the government of South Africa and consulted the World Bank, the African Development Bank, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, the United Nations Industrial Development Orga...

David Kaplan

University of Cape Town

David Kaplan is Professor of Business Government Relations and Professor of Economics at the University of Cape Town. He has extensive experience in working with the government of South Africa and consulted the World Bank, the African Development Bank, the United Nations Economic Commission for Afri...

Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
Services


South Africa has developed a technologically sophisticated and globally competitive mining equipment and specialist services sector. The paper provides evidence for and measurement of technological competency and global competitiveness and a brief outline of why South Africa was successful in this r...


Raphael Kaplinsky is an Honorary Professor at the Science Policy Research Unit. He is also an Emeritus Professor at the Institute of Development Studies and at the Open University. His primary research interests are in Globalization, Global Value Chains, Inclusive Growth and Innovation, the Terms of Trade and the Impact of the Rising Powers (partic...

Raphael Kaplinsky

Open University

Raphael Kaplinsky is an Honorary Professor at the Science Policy Research Unit. He is also an Emeritus Professor at the Institute of Development Studies and at the Open University. His primary research interests are in Globalization, Global Value Chains, Inclusive Growth and Innovation, the Terms of...

Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Sustainability standards


With a particular focus on low income economies in SSA, this paper addresses the nature and determinants of linkages from the commodities sectors and challenges the received view that enclave development is an inherent characteristic of resource extraction, particularly in the hard and energy commod...


Karishma Banga is a Research Fellow in Digital Development at the Institute of Development Studies (IDS), University of Sussex, Brighton. Her research examines new models of digital-led development, changing nature of Global Value Chains and digital trade negotiations, with a focus on development implications for low and middle-income countries. Pr...

Banga Karishma

Institute of Development Studies (IDS), University of Sussex

Karishma Banga is a Research Fellow in Digital Development at the Institute of Development Studies (IDS), University of Sussex, Brighton. Her research examines new models of digital-led development, changing nature of Global Value Chains and digital trade negotiations, with a focus on development im...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
Services
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


This paper provides empirical evidence on the impact of digitalisation on product upgrading in Global Value Chains (GVCs). Analysis is done for a sample of Indian manufacturing GVC firms in the period 2001–2015 from the firm-level database Prowess, using the methodology of System Generalised Metho...


Pamina Koenig is a Professor of Economics at the University of Rouen and an Associate Researcher at Paris School of Economics. Her research interests are in international trade, trade policies and the political economy of NGOs. She has published in leading academic journals. Professor Koenig holds a PhD in Economics from the Université Paris I Pan...

Pamina Koenig

University of Rouen & Paris School of Economics

Pamina Koenig is a Professor of Economics at the University of Rouen and an Associate Researcher at Paris School of Economics. Her research interests are in international trade, trade policies and the political economy of NGOs. She has published in leading academic journals. Professor Koenig holds a...

Trade and FDI
East Asia and Pacific
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


To what extent do Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) monitor global value chains? While NGOs regularly denounce the behavior of multinational corporations throughout the world, their motivations for choosing campaign targets remain largely unknown. Using a new dataset on activists’ campaigns to...


Robert B. Koopman serves as the Chief Economist and Director of the Economic Research and Statistics Division at the World Trade Organization. In this post, Bob provides the Secretariat and Member Countries with analysis and information that promotes a deeper understanding of trade and trade policy's role in economic growth and development. Prior t...

Robert B. Koopman

World Trade Organization

Robert B. Koopman serves as the Chief Economist and Director of the Economic Research and Statistics Division at the World Trade Organization. In this post, Bob provides the Secretariat and Member Countries with analysis and information that promotes a deeper understanding of trade and trade policy'...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America
Uncategorized


Recent developments in global trade include actions by major global traders that lie outside the norms of behaviour of the World Trade Organization (WTO) over the last 20 years. Member frustrations with the slow pace of negotiations and concerns about strategies and behaviours of other members appro...


Prof. Dr. Markus Krajewski is University Professor at the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg and holds the Chair in Public Law and Public International Law. Prof. Krajewski is one of the programme directors of the MA in Human Rights and chairperson of the Interdisciplinary Research Centre for Human Rights Erlangen-Nürnberg (CHREN). He also chairs th...

Markus Krajewski

University of Erlangen-Nürnberg

Prof. Dr. Markus Krajewski is University Professor at the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg and holds the Chair in Public Law and Public International Law. Prof. Krajewski is one of the programme directors of the MA in Human Rights and chairperson of the Interdisciplinary Research Centre for Human Ri...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


Global supply chains affect the economy, the environment and social welfare in many ways. Worldwide, economies are experiencing global supply shortages today, affecting key industries such as automotive and consumer electronics as well as vaccine and medical supplies industries. These preoccupy poli...


Sebastian Krautheim is a Professor of International Economics at the University of Passau. His research interests are in international trade, global value chains, and social activism. He is principle investigator of a DFG-funded research project on “Global Production and its Watchdogs: Firms and NGOs in the Regulatory Void”. He holds a PhD in E...

Sebastian Krautheim

University of Passau

Sebastian Krautheim is a Professor of International Economics at the University of Passau. His research interests are in international trade, global value chains, and social activism. He is principle investigator of a DFG-funded research project on “Global Production and its Watchdogs: Firms and N...

Trade and FDI
South Asia
Social and working conditions
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


The process of globalization is characterized by an impressive growth of global value chains, as well as the proliferation of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) interacting with multinational firms. This paper presents a model of offshoring and NGO–firm interactions in which offshoring to a low...


Aarti Krishnan is a Hallsworth Research fellow at the University of Manchester. She is a developmental economist, working at the nexus of environment, trade and development. Her areas of expertise include value chain analysis, green growth, agricultural transformation, innovation and knowledge systems, digitalisation and regional development. ...

Aarti Krishnan

University of Manchester

Aarti Krishnan is a Hallsworth Research fellow at the University of Manchester. She is a developmental economist, working at the nexus of environment, trade and development. Her areas of expertise include value chain analysis, green growth, agricultural transformation, innovation and knowledge syst...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Sub-saharan Africa
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


An extensive body of research has examined the prospects for suppliers in the global South to upgrade within global value chains (GVCs) controlled by lead firms from, and oriented towards end-markets in, the global North. However, the expansion of South-South trade has altered the geography of GVCs....


Jann Lay is Head of the Research Programme “Growth and Development” at the GIGA German Institute for Global and Area Studies, Hamburg (www.giga-hamburg.de). As adjunct professor, he also teaches development economics at the University of Goettingen. His work is on various facets of economic development in the Global South, in particular in Afri...

Jann Lay

German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA)

Jann Lay is Head of the Research Programme “Growth and Development” at the GIGA German Institute for Global and Area Studies, Hamburg (www.giga-hamburg.de). As adjunct professor, he also teaches development economics at the University of Goettingen. His work is on various facets of economic deve...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
The Middle East and North Africa
EU / Western Europe
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America
Eastern/Non-EU Europe and Central Asia
North America


Global drivers and carbon emissions associated with large-scale land transactions have been poorly investigated. Here we examine major factors behind such transactions (income, agricultural productivity, availability of arable land and water scarcity) and estimate potential carbon emissions under di...


Rasmus Lema is an Associate Professor at Aalborg University Business School. He obtained his DPhil degree from the Institute of Development studies at the University of Sussex. His areas of specialization are global value chains, innovation systems and low carbon innovation. ...

Rasmus Lema

Aalborg University

Rasmus Lema is an Associate Professor at Aalborg University Business School. He obtained his DPhil degree from the Institute of Development studies at the University of Sussex. His areas of specialization are global value chains, innovation systems and low carbon innovation. ...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


In this chapter, the authors focus on innovation in global value chains and on the role that such chains play in building and deepening capability. They also focus on the trajectories along which firms, located in developing countries, once inserted into global value chains acquire or lose innovatio...


Bart Los is professor of technological progress and structural change at the Groningen Growth and Development Centre at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands, and is currently vice-president of the international input-output association. He has been joint leader of the World Input-Output Database project (www.wiod.org), and has recently inve...

Bart Los

University of Groningen

Bart Los is professor of technological progress and structural change at the Groningen Growth and Development Centre at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands, and is currently vice-president of the international input-output association. He has been joint leader of the World Input-Output Data...

Trade and FDI
Manufacturing


In this paper we employ an extension of the World Input‐Output Database (WIOD) with regional detail for EU countries to study the degree to which EU regions and countries are exposed to negative trade‐related consequences of Brexit. We develop an index of this exposure, which incorporates all ef...


Dr Rocco Macchiavello holds a PhD in Economics from LSE, where he is currently an Associate Professor in Management. Previously, Dr. Macchiavello has been a Post-Doctoral Fellow at Nuffield College (Oxford University), Harvard Kennedy School, and a Professor of Economics at Warwick University. Dr. Macchiavello acts as Lead Academic for the IGC – ...

Rocco Macchiavello

London School of Economics and Political Science

Dr Rocco Macchiavello holds a PhD in Economics from LSE, where he is currently an Associate Professor in Management. Previously, Dr. Macchiavello has been a Post-Doctoral Fellow at Nuffield College (Oxford University), Harvard Kennedy School, and a Professor of Economics at Warwick University. Dr. M...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Sub-saharan Africa
South Asia
Energy


How does competition affect market outcomes when formal contracts are not enforceable and parties’ resort to relational contracts? Difficulties with measuring relational contracts and dealing with the endogeneity of competition have frustrated attempts to answer this question. We make progress by ...


Kate Macdonald is an Associate Professor in the School of Social and Political Sciences at the University of Melbourne. Her research focuses on the politics of transnational production and business, with a particular focus on labour, human rights and environmental regulation of global business. She has published three books and over 50 journal arti...

Kate Macdonald

University of Melbourne, Australia

Kate Macdonald is an Associate Professor in the School of Social and Political Sciences at the University of Melbourne. Her research focuses on the politics of transnational production and business, with a particular focus on labour, human rights and environmental regulation of global business. She ...

Mining
South Asia
Environment and climate change


Günther Maihold has been the Deputy Director of the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP) since 2004. Coming from a background of Political Science and Sociology, Prof Maihold received his doctorate in 1987 from the University of Regensburg, where he subsequently worked as a Research Fellow. After having spent eight years...

Günther Maihold

German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP)

Günther Maihold has been the Deputy Director of the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP) since 2004. Coming from a background of Political Science and Sociology, Prof Maihold received his doctorate in 1987 from the University of Regensburg, where he subsequently worked as a...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
EU / Western Europe
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


Eine lange Reihe von Störungen des Welthandels in den letzten Jahren hat eine Reorganisation der internationalen Lieferketten auf die politische Tagesordnung gebracht. Die Unregelmäßigkeiten begannen mit dem Handelskrieg zwischen den USA und China, setzten sich fort mit der Covid-19-Pandemie und ...


Kalina Manova is Professor of Economics and Deputy Department Head at the University College London, specializing in international trade and investment. She received her AB, AM and PhD from Harvard, and was previously Assistant Professor at Stanford, Visiting Assistant Professor at Princeton, and Professor at Oxford. She serves on the Council of th...

Kalina Manova

University College London

Kalina Manova is Professor of Economics and Deputy Department Head at the University College London, specializing in international trade and investment. She received her AB, AM and PhD from Harvard, and was previously Assistant Professor at Stanford, Visiting Assistant Professor at Princeton, and Pr...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Mining
Services
East Asia and Pacific
EU / Western Europe
Energy


This paper explores firm size heterogeneity in production networks. Using all buyer-supplier relationships in Belgium, the paper shows that firms with more customers havehigher total sales but lower sales per customer and lower market shares among thosecustomers. A decomposition of firm sales reveal...


Emmanuel B Mensah is currently a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Groningen, Faculty of Economics and Business, and Fellow at Groningen Growth and Development Center. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics from UNU-MERIT/Maastricht University, a Master of Science in Development Economics from SOAS, University of London, and a Bachelor of Arts de...

Emmanuel B. Mensah

University of Groningen, Faculty of Economics and Business, and Fellow at Groningen Growth and Development Center.

Emmanuel B Mensah is currently a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Groningen, Faculty of Economics and Business, and Fellow at Groningen Growth and Development Center. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics from UNU-MERIT/Maastricht University, a Master of Science in Development Economics from SOA...

Trade and FDI
Sub-saharan Africa
Services


Imported intermediate inputs offer access to lower-priced, higher quality, and a wider variety of inputs that can increase the possibility of producing and selling more diversified products in foreign markets. In this paper, we examine this relationship using a novel manufacturing industry-level dat...


Sébastien Miroudot is Senior Trade Policy Analyst at the OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate, and holds a PhD in International Economics from SciencesPo Paris. Before joining the OECD, he worked for several years at Groupe d’ Economie Mondiale. His research interests include global value chains, the relationship between trade and investment a...

Sébastien Miroudot

OECD

Sébastien Miroudot is Senior Trade Policy Analyst at the OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate, and holds a PhD in International Economics from SciencesPo Paris. Before joining the OECD, he worked for several years at Groupe d’ Economie Mondiale. His research interests include global value chain...

Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Services


Production processes are fragmenting across borders with countries trading tasks rather than products. Export statistics based on value added reveal a process of vertical specialisation. Yet, what do countries do when exporting? In this article, we provide novel evidence on functional specialisation...


Ameet Morjaria is an Associate Professor of Managerial Economics & Decision Sciences at the Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University. Prior to joining Kellogg, he was a Junior Scholar of Harvard Academy's Weatherhead Centre for International Affairs and a Giorgio Ruffolo Post-Doctoral Fellow in the Sustainability Science Program at the...

Ameet Morjaria

Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University

Ameet Morjaria is an Associate Professor of Managerial Economics & Decision Sciences at the Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University. Prior to joining Kellogg, he was a Junior Scholar of Harvard Academy's Weatherhead Centre for International Affairs and a Giorgio Ruffolo Post-Doctoral F...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI


How does competition affect market outcomes when formal contracts are not enforceable and parties resort to relational contracts? Difficulties with measuring relational contracts and dealing with the endogeneity of competition have frustrated attempts to answer this question. We make progress by stu...


Mike Morris is Emeritus Professor within the School of Economics and and Honorary Research Associate in the IDS at the University of Sussex. Prior to this was the founder and Head of School of Development Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal from 1995 – 2002. His recent research, policy activities and publications have focused on the dynamics of ...

Mike Morris

University of Cape Town

Mike Morris is Emeritus Professor within the School of Economics and and Honorary Research Associate in the IDS at the University of Sussex. Prior to this was the founder and Head of School of Development Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal from 1995 – 2002. His recent research, policy activities...

Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


With a particular focus on low income economies in SSA, this paper addresses the nature and determinants of linkages from the commodities sectors and challenges the received view that enclave development is an inherent characteristic of resource extraction, particularly in the hard and energy commod...


Melanie Müller is a Senior Associate with a focus on Southern Africa at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, SWP) in Berlin and head of the research project „Approaches for Transnational Governance of Sustainable Commodity Supply Chains”. Melanie Müller has conducted research in vario...

Melanie Müller

German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP)

Melanie Müller is a Senior Associate with a focus on Southern Africa at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, SWP) in Berlin and head of the research project „Approaches for Transnational Governance of Sustainable Commodity Supply Chains...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
The Middle East and North Africa
EU / Western Europe
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America
Eastern/Non-EU Europe and Central Asia
North America


Khalid Nadvi is a Political Economist specializing on issues relating to trade and industrial development, heading the Global Development Institute at the University of Manchester. His work has focused on small enterprise clusters, global value chains and production networks, global standards, corporate social responsibility and technological upgra...

Khalid Nadvi

University of Manchester

Khalid Nadvi is a Political Economist specializing on issues relating to trade and industrial development, heading the Global Development Institute at the University of Manchester. His work has focused on small enterprise clusters, global value chains and production networks, global standards, corpo...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Services
Environment and climate change
EU / Western Europe
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


Regional value chains (RVCs) and South–South trade are increasingly considered key features of 21st-century globalisation. This article investigates how RVCs are shaped by the interaction of private and public governance. It evaluates how this interaction unfolded in Southern Africa’s apparel RV...


Gideon Ndubuisi is a Research Economist at the German Development Institute/Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE). He has a BSc. in Economics from Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka (Nigeria), MSc. in Economics and Institutions from Philipps-University Marburg (Germany), and PhD in Economics from Maastricht University (Netherlands). Gideon ...

Gideon Ndubuisi

German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

Gideon Ndubuisi is a Research Economist at the German Development Institute/Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE). He has a BSc. in Economics from Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka (Nigeria), MSc. in Economics and Institutions from Philipps-University Marburg (Germany), and PhD in Economics...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
Services
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


Abstract Exporting higher‐quality and complex products are deemed pathways to economic growth and development. However, producing such products are knowledge‐intensive and require quality intermediate inputs and advanced technologies. Integration into global trade networks is increasingly argue...


I am currently a Postdoctoral Researcher of the Oxford Martin Programme on the Future of Development at the University of Oxford and affiliated with St. Anthony's College of the University. I am a former World Bank Africa fellow, Washington, DC and Associate Researcher at the German Development Institute (Bonn). I also serve as a Coordinator of the...

Solomon Owusu

Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford

I am currently a Postdoctoral Researcher of the Oxford Martin Programme on the Future of Development at the University of Oxford and affiliated with St. Anthony's College of the University. I am a former World Bank Africa fellow, Washington, DC and Associate Researcher at the German Development Inst...

Trade and FDI
Sub-saharan Africa
Services


Abstract Exporting higher‐quality and complex products are deemed pathways to economic growth and development. However, producing such products are knowledge‐intensive and require quality intermediate inputs and advanced technologies. Integration into global trade networks is increasingly argue...


Stefan Pahl is postdoctoral researcher at the German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA). His research focusses on the role of global value chains for economic development through job creation, productivity growth and structural change. Stefan has previously worked with UNIDO and IFPRI on topics of industrial development and structural tra...

Stefan Pahl

German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA)

Stefan Pahl is postdoctoral researcher at the German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA). His research focusses on the role of global value chains for economic development through job creation, productivity growth and structural change. Stefan has previously worked with UNIDO and IFPRI on t...

Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
South Asia
Environment and climate change
The Middle East and North Africa
Social and working conditions
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


This paper aims at estimating the economic vulnerability of developing countries to disruptions in global value chains (GVCs) due to the COVID‐19 pandemic. It uses trade in value added data for a sample of 12 developing countries in sub‐Saharan Africa, Asia and Latin America to assess their depe...


Asmita Parshotam is an admitted attorney, currently working as an international trade and development expert. She is a well-recognised author and is widely published in peer-revised journals. She also has an extensive media engagement history, including interviews with the BBC, SABC, eNCA, CNBC Africa and publications with Project Syndicate. Asmita...

Asmita Parshotam

Independent Consultant

Asmita Parshotam is an admitted attorney, currently working as an international trade and development expert. She is a well-recognised author and is widely published in peer-revised journals. She also has an extensive media engagement history, including interviews with the BBC, SABC, eNCA, CNBC Afri...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Sub-saharan Africa


Tanzania’s Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor (SAGCOT) is a role-model economic growth corridor (EGC). It aims at easing the incorporation of smallholder farmers into global and regional value chains through partnerships with larger agricultural companies. EGCs in general and SAGCOT in particul...


Asmita Parshotam is an admitted attorney, currently working as an international trade and development expert. She is a well-recognised author and is widely published in peer-revised journals. She also has an extensive media engagement history, including interviews with the BBC, SABC, eNCA, CNBC Africa and publications with Project Syndicate. Asmita...

Asmita Parshotam


Asmita Parshotam is an admitted attorney, currently working as an international trade and development expert. She is a well-recognised author and is widely published in peer-revised journals. She also has an extensive media engagement history, including interviews with the BBC, SABC, eNCA, CNBC Afri...



Carlo Pietrobelli is a professor and policy advisor with over 30 years of experience on innovation and industrial development and policy. He is currently Professor of Economics at the University of Roma Tre, Italy, Professorial Fellow at UNU-MERIT, Maastricht, and Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University, Washington D.C.. He was Lead Economist at...

Carlo Pietrobelli

Uni Roma Tre

Carlo Pietrobelli is a professor and policy advisor with over 30 years of experience on innovation and industrial development and policy. He is currently Professor of Economics at the University of Roma Tre, Italy, Professorial Fellow at UNU-MERIT, Maastricht, and Adjunct Professor at Georgetown Uni...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
The Middle East and North Africa
EU / Western Europe
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Regions
Latin America
Eastern/Non-EU Europe and Central Asia
North America


The paper investigates new opportunities for innovation and linkages associated to mining activities in Brazil, Chile and Peru. Three types of opportunities were researched: demand side, supply side and local specificities. The last source of opportunities is key for natural resource related activit...


Stefano Ponte is a Professor of International Political Economy and Director of the Centre for Business and Development Studies at Copenhagen Business School. His research focuses on governance dynamics, and economic and environmental upgrading trajectories in global value chains — especially in developing countries and in Africa. He is particula...

Stefano Ponte

Copenhagen Business School

Stefano Ponte is a Professor of International Political Economy and Director of the Centre for Business and Development Studies at Copenhagen Business School. His research focuses on governance dynamics, and economic and environmental upgrading trajectories in global value chains — especially in d...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


Tackling climate change and other environmental crises entails a critical reflection on processes and outcomes that are behind sustainability management by business. Sustainability has become a commodity itself, to be traded, bought, sold and managed like all others. How lead firms in global value c...


Dr. Annalisa Primi is Senior Economist and Head of Structural Polices and Innovation Unit at the OECD Development Centre (Paris, France) in charge of analysis and policy advice on innovation, structural change and industrial development. She is the Head of the OECD Policy Dialogue Initiative on GVCs, Production Transformation and Development. She h...

Annalisa Primi

OECD

Dr. Annalisa Primi is Senior Economist and Head of Structural Polices and Innovation Unit at the OECD Development Centre (Paris, France) in charge of analysis and policy advice on innovation, structural change and industrial development. She is the Head of the OECD Policy Dialogue Initiative on GVCs...

Trade and FDI
Social and working conditions


The 4IR can open windows of opportunity for emerging economies but also raises red flags in terms of the main challenges that these changes pose to firms, industrial systems and policy approaches. Benefiting from it will not be automatic, as these economies suffer from several gaps that hamper their...


Matin Qaim is a food systems economist and Director at the Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn. Before joining ZEF in 2021, he was Professor of International Food Economics and Rural Development at the University of Göttingen (2007-2021), Professor of International Agricultural Trade and Food Security at the University of Hoh...

Matin Qaim

Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn

Matin Qaim is a food systems economist and Director at the Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn. Before joining ZEF in 2021, he was Professor of International Food Economics and Rural Development at the University of Göttingen (2007-2021), Professor of International Agricultura...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Sub-saharan Africa
East Asia and Pacific


In many developing countries, food environments are changing rapidly, with modern retailers—such as supermarkets—gaining in importance. Previous studies have suggested that the rise of modern retailers contributes to overweight and obesity. Effects of modern retailers on dietary quality have not...


Roberta Rabellotti is Full Professor of Economics at the Università di Pavia, Italy. She has got a Master of Science in Development Economics at the University of Oxford and a Doctor of Philosophy at the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex. She specializes in the analysis of the industrial sector in developing countries. Her are...

Roberta Rabellotti

Department of Political and Social Sciences at the Università di Pavia

Roberta Rabellotti is Full Professor of Economics at the Università di Pavia, Italy. She has got a Master of Science in Development Economics at the University of Oxford and a Doctor of Philosophy at the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex. She specializes in the analysis of the ...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


R&D related foreign direct investments represent a powerful mechanism for cross-border knowledge sharing that can stimulate the process of technological catch-up. However, low-income countries and smaller middle-income countries remain largely excluded from this kind of global flows of knowledge...


Gale Raj-Reichert is Research Fellow at Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB) and the Principal Investigator of the DFG funded project ‘Labour governance in global production networks: Assessing labour standards in a new generation of public procurement legislation and trade agreements linked to market access into the European Union’ (LG-GPN). The ...

Gale Raj-Reichert

Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin

Gale Raj-Reichert is Research Fellow at Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB) and the Principal Investigator of the DFG funded project ‘Labour governance in global production networks: Assessing labour standards in a new generation of public procurement legislation and trade agreements linked to marke...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


While there are heated debates about how digitalization affects production, management and consumption in the context of global value chains, less attention is paid to how workers use digital technologies to organize and formulate demands and hence exercise power. This paper explores how workers in ...


Werner Raza is Director of ÖFSE – The Austrian Foundation for Development Research. An economist focusing his research on International Trade and Development, he has lectured at several universities and colleges in Austria and abroad. In addition, Mr. Raza has been a member of various advisory committees in the fields of foreign trade promotion,...

Werner Raza

Austrian Foundation for Development Research

Werner Raza is Director of ÖFSE – The Austrian Foundation for Development Research. An economist focusing his research on International Trade and Development, he has lectured at several universities and colleges in Austria and abroad. In addition, Mr. Raza has been a member of various advisory co...

Trade and FDI
Sub-saharan Africa
Environment and climate change
The Middle East and North Africa
EU / Western Europe
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


High deforestation rates, particularly in tropical areas, remain a pressing concern for the international community, given their impacts on the global climate and the loss of biodiversity. The EU has committed to promoting sustainable forest management both domestically and internationally. However,...


Tom Reardon is a Professor at the Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics. He holds masters degrees from the Université de Nice and from Columbia University. He got his Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley in 1984. Tom’s research focus is on the links between international development and agribusiness/food industr...

Thomas Reardon

Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics

Tom Reardon is a Professor at the Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics. He holds masters degrees from the Université de Nice and from Columbia University. He got his Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley in 1984. Tom’s research focus is on the links between inter...

Agriculture and food
Sub-saharan Africa
South Asia
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


Sustainable Development Goal 2 aims to end hunger, achieve food and nutrition security and promote sustainable agriculture by 2030. This requires that small-scale producers be included in, and benefit from, the rapid growth and transformation under way in food systems. Small-scale producers interact...


Larissa holds a PhD and a master’s degree in Energy by the University of Sao Paulo (USP) and a bachelor’s in International Relations by Faculdades Belas Artes. She acted as the coordinator of Research and Investigations at Greenpeace Brazil, as well as a Climate and Energy campaigner. She has solid experience working with climate, energy, and f...

Larissa Rodrigues

Instituto Escolhas

Larissa holds a PhD and a master’s degree in Energy by the University of Sao Paulo (USP) and a bachelor’s in International Relations by Faculdades Belas Artes. She acted as the coordinator of Research and Investigations at Greenpeace Brazil, as well as a Climate and Energy campaigner. She has so...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


Global supply chains affect the economy, the environment and social welfare in many ways. Worldwide, economies are experiencing global supply shortages today, affecting key industries such as automotive and consumer electronics as well as vaccine and medical supplies industries. These preoccupy poli...


Bettina Rudloff is an agricultural engineer and holds a PhD in agricultural economics. She started her research work on trade, agriculture and development at the European Institute of Public Administration (EIPA), Maastricht, the Netherlands. During that time, she led mid-term vocational training programmes of the EU Commission for developing count...

Bettina Rudloff

German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP)

Bettina Rudloff is an agricultural engineer and holds a PhD in agricultural economics. She started her research work on trade, agriculture and development at the European Institute of Public Administration (EIPA), Maastricht, the Netherlands. During that time, she led mid-term vocational training pr...

Agriculture and food
Sub-saharan Africa
Environment and climate change
The Middle East and North Africa
EU / Western Europe
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


The corona pandemic has placed supply chains back on the agenda. The economic repercussions spotlight the complexity of today’s global division of labour. Current German and European initiatives are seeking to tighten the responsibility of final business consumers for human rights and sustainabili...


Tekalign Gutu Sakketa is a Researcher Economist at the German Institute of Development and Suatainability (IDOS) and Senior Fellow at the Center for Development Research (ZEF) of Bonn University. He is also the 2021 Structural Transformation of African Agriculture and Rural Spaces (STAARS) fellow affiliated with Cornell University, USA. He holds a...

Tekalign Gutu Sakketa

German Institute of Development and Suatainability (IDOS)

Tekalign Gutu Sakketa is a Researcher Economist at the German Institute of Development and Suatainability (IDOS) and Senior Fellow at the Center for Development Research (ZEF) of Bonn University. He is also the 2021 Structural Transformation of African Agriculture and Rural Spaces (STAARS) fellow a...



Christina Saulich is Associate at the German Institute for International and Security Affais (SWP) in the project Transnational Governance of Sustainable Commodity Supply Chains. She received her M.A. degree in International Relations from Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Free University Berlin and the University of Potsdam and her Ph.D. degree fro...

Christina Saulich

German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP)

Christina Saulich is Associate at the German Institute for International and Security Affais (SWP) in the project Transnational Governance of Sustainable Commodity Supply Chains. She received her M.A. degree in International Relations from Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Free University Berlin and ...



Saweda Liverpool-Tasie is a tenured associate professor in the department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics. She received her PhD in Agriculture and Consumer Economics from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. She holds an MSc in Urban and Regional Planning and an MA in Third World Development, both from the University of Iowa....

Lenis Saweda

Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics

Saweda Liverpool-Tasie is a tenured associate professor in the department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics. She received her PhD in Agriculture and Consumer Economics from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. She holds an MSc in Urban and Regional Planning and an MA in Third Wo...

Agriculture and food
Sub-saharan Africa
South Asia
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


Sustainable Development Goal 2 aims to end hunger, achieve food and nutrition security and promote sustainable agriculture by 2030. This requires that small-scale producers be included in, and benefit from, the rapid growth and transformation under way in food systems. Small-scale producers interact...


Christoph Scherrer is a professor for "Globalization & Politics" at the University of Kassel since 2000. Christoph received his doctorate with a thesis on the U.S. auto and steel industries and his habilitation in 1999 on the enforcement of liberal foreign economic policies in the United States. He has taught at the J. F. Kennedy Institute at Freie...

Christoph Scherrer

University of Kassel

Christoph Scherrer is a professor for "Globalization & Politics" at the University of Kassel since 2000. Christoph received his doctorate with a thesis on the U.S. auto and steel industries and his habilitation in 1999 on the enforcement of liberal foreign economic policies in the United States. He ...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Social and working conditions


This article highlights the importance of collective action and the role of the state in upgrading the social and economic conditions of farmworkers and smallholders. It is argued that economic upgrading does not automatically translate into social upgrading for workers and small producers and explo...


Janpeter Schilling is Junior Professor for Landuse Conflicts, Head of the Research Group Landuse Conflicts at the Institute for Environmental Sciences, and Scientific Director of the Peace Academy Rhineland-Palatinate at the University of Koblenz-Landau. He previously worked as associated and postdoctoral researcher in the Research Group Climate Ch...

Janpeter Schilling

University of Koblenz-Landau

Janpeter Schilling is Junior Professor for Landuse Conflicts, Head of the Research Group Landuse Conflicts at the Institute for Environmental Sciences, and Scientific Director of the Peace Academy Rhineland-Palatinate at the University of Koblenz-Landau. He previously worked as associated and postdo...

Sub-saharan Africa
Environment and climate change
The Middle East and North Africa
Social and working conditions
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


This article serves as an introduction to the special issue ‘A Local to Global Perspective on Resource Governance and Conflict’. It advances the debate on natural resource governance and conflict by bringing together three different strands of literature with the aim of developing a local to glo...


Almut Schilling‐Vacaflor, PhD, is a sociologist and anthropologist. She currently works as a Postdoc at Osnabrück University and is associated researcher of the GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies. Her research deals with environmental governance, business and human rights, commodity chains, participation, extractive industries and ...

Almut Schilling-Vacaflor

University of Osnabrück

Almut Schilling‐Vacaflor, PhD, is a sociologist and anthropologist. She currently works as a Postdoc at Osnabrück University and is associated researcher of the GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies. Her research deals with environmental governance, business and human rights, commodity...

Services
Environment and climate change
EU / Western Europe
Social and working conditions
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


The massive expansion of soy production in Brazil has contributed to a loss of access for local communities to land and water, particularly in highly dynamic frontier regions in the Cerrado. Soy certification standards like the Roundtable on Responsible Soy (RTRS) contain principles that are suppose...


Philip Schleifer is Associate Professor of Transnational Governance at the Political Science Department at the University of Amsterdam (UvA). Prior to his appointment at the UvA, he was a Max Weber Fellow and the European University Institute and held visiting positions at Duke University and the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and th...

Philip Schleifer

University of Amsterdam

Philip Schleifer is Associate Professor of Transnational Governance at the Political Science Department at the University of Amsterdam (UvA). Prior to his appointment at the UvA, he was a Max Weber Fellow and the European University Institute and held visiting positions at Duke University and the Gr...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


Svenja Schöneich is Associate at the German Institute for International and Security Affais (SWP) in the project Transnational Governance of Sustainable Commodity Supply Chains. She received her M.A. degree in Social Cultural Anthropology, Sociology and Latin America Studies from University of Hamburg and was a Ph.D. Fellow at the German Institute...

Svenja Schöneich

German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP)

Svenja Schöneich is Associate at the German Institute for International and Security Affais (SWP) in the project Transnational Governance of Sustainable Commodity Supply Chains. She received her M.A. degree in Social Cultural Anthropology, Sociology and Latin America Studies from University of Hamb...

Agriculture and food
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
Environment and climate change
EU / Western Europe
Social and working conditions
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


Der Druck auf die indigenen Völker Lateinamerikas steigt bis hin zur Existenzbedrohung. Die linkspopulistische Regierung Mexikos setzt sich ebenso wenig für die Interessen der Indigenen ein wie die konservative Übergangsregierung in Bolivien. Brasiliens rechtsradikaler Präsident betreibt gar ein...


Julia Schwarzkopf is a Professor for Sustainability Management at the HTW Berlin Business School. After various positions in science and business, she received her doctorate from the ETH Zurich on corporate climate strategies. Subsequently, the sociologist and environmental scientist worked in the field of sustainable supply chain management for a ...

Julia Schwarzkopf

HTW Berlin Business School

Julia Schwarzkopf is a Professor for Sustainability Management at the HTW Berlin Business School. After various positions in science and business, she received her doctorate from the ETH Zurich on corporate climate strategies. Subsequently, the sociologist and environmental scientist worked in the f...

Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


Sustainability can create greater efficiency and cost savings in the supply chain. Supply chains, which are more complex and global than ever before, are full of both risks and opportunities. The risks range from inconsistent or poor quality to supply disruptions to health and safety concerns to cor...


Kunal Sen is a leading international expert on the political economy of growth and development with over three decades of experience in academic and applied development economics research. From 2019 he is the Director of UNU-WIDER. He is also a professor of development economics at the Global Development Institute, University of Manchester. In addi...

Kunal Sen

UNU-WIDER

Kunal Sen is a leading international expert on the political economy of growth and development with over three decades of experience in academic and applied development economics research. From 2019 he is the Director of UNU-WIDER. He is also a professor of development economics at the Global Develo...

Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
South Asia
Social and working conditions


This paper examines why job creation in the manufacturing sector has differed widely across developing countries, using a modified Lewis model that captures the scale, composition and labour intensity effects of industrialisation on job creation. We show that while the scale effect has been mostly p...


Adnan Serič is research manager at the Department of Policy, Research and Statistics of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) where he leads department’s work on global value chains and foreign direct investments. He is also project manager of UNIDO Industrial Analytics Platform (iap.unido.org), UNIDO focal point for th...

Adnan Serič

United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

Adnan Serič is research manager at the Department of Policy, Research and Statistics of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) where he leads department’s work on global value chains and foreign direct investments. He is also project manager of UNIDO Industrial Analytics ...

Standard
Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Sub-saharan Africa
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


Abstract...


Stefan Seuring is full professor of supply chain management at the University of Kassel. He holds a PhD and Habilitation in business administration from the Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, Germany. His research covers the intersection of supply chain management and sustainability. He was and is involved into inter- and transdisciplinary...

Stefan Seuring

University of Kassel

Stefan Seuring is full professor of supply chain management at the University of Kassel. He holds a PhD and Habilitation in business administration from the Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, Germany. His research covers the intersection of supply chain management and sustainability. He was...

Trade and FDI
Services
Social and working conditions
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


Resulting from divergent business environments between actors, the integration of the base of the pyramid (BoP) into formal supply chain (SC) structures is often ham- pered by institutional voids, which can result in the emergence of paradoxical situa- tions. This paper analyzes the potential of sup...


Andreas Stamm is an economic geographer and holds a PhD from Marburg University. After his PhD and following five years of working at the National University of Costa Rica and the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) he joined DIE in 1998. His work covers aspects of value chain development and sustainability standards, sustainable public procurement, nat...

Andreas Stamm

German Development Institute/ Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

Andreas Stamm is an economic geographer and holds a PhD from Marburg University. After his PhD and following five years of working at the National University of Costa Rica and the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) he joined DIE in 1998. His work covers aspects of value chain development and sustainabil...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Latin America


Compared to other Latin American countries, Costa Rica has good indicators for economic growth and social development. Historically, it has managed to combine inward growth with intelligent use of the options offered by international markets. In recent decades, the country has undergone a strong str...


Cornelia Staritz is Tenure Track Professor in Development Economics at the Department of Development Studies at the University of Vienna. She is also member of the Advisory Board of the Austrian Foundation for Development Research (ÖFSE) and Research Associate at the Policy Research on International Services and Manufacturing (PRISM) at the Depart...

Cornelia Staritz

University of Vienna

Cornelia Staritz is Tenure Track Professor in Development Economics at the Department of Development Studies at the University of Vienna. She is also member of the Advisory Board of the Austrian Foundation for Development Research (ÖFSE) and Research Associate at the Policy Research on Internationa...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
The Middle East and North Africa
EU / Western Europe
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America
Eastern/Non-EU Europe and Central Asia
North America


This article asks whether and how local firms in low-income countries can participate, upgrade and capture value in apparel global value chains in the context of increased entry barriers and asymmetric power relations. It focuses on Madagascar, which is the top apparel exporter in Sub-Saharan Africa...


Frauke Steglich is a Researcher at the Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), Managing Director of the Poverty Reduction, Equity and Growth Network (PEGNet) at IfW, and Research Fellow at the Kiel Centre for Globalization (KCG). Her research interests lie in the field of empirical international economics and development, with a focus on foreig...

Frauke Steglich

Kiel Institute for the World Economy

Frauke Steglich is a Researcher at the Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), Managing Director of the Poverty Reduction, Equity and Growth Network (PEGNet) at IfW, and Research Fellow at the Kiel Centre for Globalization (KCG). Her research interests lie in the field of empirical international...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
Services
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
The Middle East and North Africa
EU / Western Europe
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America
Eastern/Non-EU Europe and Central Asia
North America


LinkedIn

German Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Africa is lagging behind China, France, the Netherlands, the UK, the US, and other economies. It represented only 1 percent of the German total FDI stock abroad in 2018 and is concentrated in few African countries. Overall, around 8...


Victor Stolzenburg is research economist at the World Trade Organization (WTO), where he works on a wide range of topics relating to international trade and global value chains. His recent work engages with topics of gender equality and the effects of COVID-19, and he investigates more broadly the development aspects of participation in global valu...

Victor Stolzenburg

World Trade Organization

Victor Stolzenburg is research economist at the World Trade Organization (WTO), where he works on a wide range of topics relating to international trade and global value chains. His recent work engages with topics of gender equality and the effects of COVID-19, and he investigates more broadly the d...

Trade and FDI
Social and working conditions


In view of the complexity of the relationship between trade and gender, it is important to assess the potential impact of trade policy on both women and men and to develop appropriate policies to ensure that trade contributes to enhancing opportunities for all. Building on new analysis and data brok...


Tevin Tafese is a research fellow at the German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA). His research and policy work explores the effects of globalisation and digitalisation on developing countries. A particular focus of his work is on Africa, where has worked on several projects on global value chains, labour markets, and entrepreneurship....

Tevin Tafese

German Institute for Global and Area Studies

Tevin Tafese is a research fellow at the German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA). His research and policy work explores the effects of globalisation and digitalisation on developing countries. A particular focus of his work is on Africa, where has worked on several projects on global val...

Trade and FDI
Social and working conditions
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


LinkedIn

Daria Taglioni is Research Manager in the Development Research Group at the World Bank and has recently been Team-Task Lead for the World Development Report 2020 on global value chains. Previously, she worked as Senior Economist at the European Central Bank (ECB) and as Economist at the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). ...

Daria Taglioni

World Bank

Daria Taglioni is Research Manager in the Development Research Group at the World Bank and has recently been Team-Task Lead for the World Development Report 2020 on global value chains. Previously, she worked as Senior Economist at the European Central Bank (ECB) and as Economist at the Organisation...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
The Middle East and North Africa
EU / Western Europe
Social and working conditions
Energy
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


Rainer Thiele is director of the Kiel Africa Initiative and the Poverty Reduction, Equity and Growth Network (PEGNet) at the Kiel Institute for the World Economy and adjunct professor at Kiel University. His current research focusses on the allocation and effectiveness of foreign aid an on issues related to rural development in Africa such as food ...

Rainer Thiele

Kiel Institute for the World Economy

Rainer Thiele is director of the Kiel Africa Initiative and the Poverty Reduction, Equity and Growth Network (PEGNet) at the Kiel Institute for the World Economy and adjunct professor at Kiel University. His current research focusses on the allocation and effectiveness of foreign aid an on issues re...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
The Middle East and North Africa
EU / Western Europe
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America
Eastern/Non-EU Europe and Central Asia
North America


Following the 2007–8 global food crisis, agricultural producers have invested in large tracts of land in developing countries. We investigate how the arrival of large-scale farms changes inter-personal trust and reciprocity, important components of social capital, in traditional villages. We elici...


Marcel Timmer is Deputy-Director of the CPB Netherlands Bureau for of Economic Policy Analysis and professor of economic growth and development at the Groningen Growth and Development Centre at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. He has recently led the research program ‘Modelling Global Value Chains: a new framework to study trade, job...

Marcel Timmer

University of Groningen

Marcel Timmer is Deputy-Director of the CPB Netherlands Bureau for of Economic Policy Analysis and professor of economic growth and development at the Groningen Growth and Development Centre at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. He has recently led the research program ‘Modelling Global...



MNEs shape the location of activities in the world economy, linking diverse regions in what has been called the global factory. This study portrays the evolution of incomes and employment in the global factory using a quantitative input–output approach. We find emerging economies forging ahead rel...


David Tschirley is fixed-term professor of International Development in the Department of Food, Agricultural, and Resource Economics at Michigan State University, and Co-Director of the department’s Food Security Group. He is also a member of the Core Technical Team of MSU’s Global Center for Food Systems Innovation. His work emphasizes three m...

David Tschirley

Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics

David Tschirley is fixed-term professor of International Development in the Department of Food, Agricultural, and Resource Economics at Michigan State University, and Co-Director of the department’s Food Security Group. He is also a member of the Core Technical Team of MSU’s Global Center for Fo...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Sub-saharan Africa
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Latin America


Developing regions' food system has transformed rapidly in the past several decades. The food system is the dendritic cluster of R&D value chains, and the value chains linking input suppliers to farmers, and farmers upstream to wholesalers and processors midstream, to retailers then consume...


Ari Van Assche is Professor of International Business at HEC Montréal, deputy editor of the Journal of International Business Policy, and co-founder of the International Institute of Economic Diplomacy. His research focuses on the organization of global value chains and their implications for international trade, industrial clusters and public pol...

Ari Van Assche

HEC Montréal

Ari Van Assche is Professor of International Business at HEC Montréal, deputy editor of the Journal of International Business Policy, and co-founder of the International Institute of Economic Diplomacy. His research focuses on the organization of global value chains and their implications for inter...

Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Services
East Asia and Pacific
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


Functional upgrading occurs when a firm acquires more sophisticated functions within an existing value chain. In this paper, we analyze if there is evidence of this type of upgrading in China's export processing regime by investigating dynamics in the relative prevalence of Import & Assembl...


Jo Van Biesebroeck is professor of economics at KU Leuven, Belgium, and Research Fellow at Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), London, UK. His research interests are in international trade, industrial organization and economic development, and he has substantially contributed to the study of firm performance. He holds a PhD in Economics fro...

Jo Van Biesebroeck

KU Leuven

Jo Van Biesebroeck is professor of economics at KU Leuven, Belgium, and Research Fellow at Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), London, UK. His research interests are in international trade, industrial organization and economic development, and he has substantially contributed to the study of...

Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
East Asia and Pacific


A vast empirical literature analyzes the determinants of the make-or-buy decision, but firms also need to decide how to organize their supplier relationships when they choose to buy. The global value chains framework provides predictions on the nature of buyer-supplier collaboration. We use a unique...


Braun is an economist, with a Doctoral degree in agricultural economics from University of Göttingen, Germany. He joined ZEF as Professor and Director of the Department for Economic and Technological Change in December 2009. He was also Director of ZEF during its foundation phase 1997-2002. von Braun was Director General of the International Food ...

Joachim von Braun

Zentrum für Entwicklungsforschung

Braun is an economist, with a Doctoral degree in agricultural economics from University of Göttingen, Germany. He joined ZEF as Professor and Director of the Department for Economic and Technological Change in December 2009. He was also Director of ZEF during its foundation phase 1997-2002. von Bra...

Agriculture and food
Environment and climate change


The stability of global, national, and local food systems is at risk under climate change. Climate change affects food production, availability of and access to food, food quality, food safety, diet quality, and thus people’s nutrition and health. Climate change may further slow progress towards a...


Zhi Wang is a research professor of Schar School of Policy and Government at George Mason University, as well as professor and founding director of Research Center of Global Value Chains at University of International Business and Economics (UIBE) in Beijing. His research interests are in international trade, where he has made significant contribut...

Zhi Wang

George Mason University

Zhi Wang is a research professor of Schar School of Policy and Government at George Mason University, as well as professor and founding director of Research Center of Global Value Chains at University of International Business and Economics (UIBE) in Beijing. His research interests are in internatio...

Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
East Asia and Pacific
Environment and climate change


This paper studies the relationship between the changing domestic segment of global value chains and the return of state capitalism in China. To this end, we propose a method to estimate an extended input-output (IO) table that tracks inter-sector transactions between different types of firms in a d...


Daniel Weiß is Head of Programme Green Economy at adelphi, a public policy consultancy based in Berlin. He completed a Master’s Degree in Sustainability Management at the University of Leeds, UK, and a Master’s Degree in Political Science at the Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Germany, and in Gothenburg, Sweden. He is leading national ...

Daniel Weiß

adelphi

Daniel Weiß is Head of Programme Green Economy at adelphi, a public policy consultancy based in Berlin. He completed a Master’s Degree in Sustainability Management at the University of Leeds, UK, and a Master’s Degree in Political Science at the Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Germany, ...

Trade and FDI
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


The German Federal Government adopted the National Action Plan for Business and Human Rights (NAP) in 2016. This plan lays down German companies’ responsibility to respect human rights. In addition, it provides for a bundle of measures to assist companies with implementing and organ­ising their d...


Lindsay Whitfield is Professor Business and Development at the Department of Management, Society and Communication, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark. She holds a B.A. in Politics and a B.A. in Economics from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill in the USA, a M.Phil. in Development Studies and a D.Phil. in Politics from the University of...

Lindsay Whitfield

Copenhagen Business School

Lindsay Whitfield is Professor Business and Development at the Department of Management, Society and Communication, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark. She holds a B.A. in Politics and a B.A. in Economics from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill in the USA, a M.Phil. in Development Studie...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


This Discussion Paper examines the opportunities that the rising industrial wages in China will bring for Africa. China has been the industrial workbench of the global economy for decades. However, its competitive advantages are waning, particularly for labour-intensive assembly activities in the cl...


Christine Wieck is professor for agricultural and food policy at the University of Hohenheim. Her research, teaching and outreach centers on the quantitative and qualitative analysis of agricultural and food policies in a globalized world with a special focus on the sustainable transformation (greening) of the EU food system and EU-Africa relations...

Christine Wieck

University of Hohenheim

Christine Wieck is professor for agricultural and food policy at the University of Hohenheim. Her research, teaching and outreach centers on the quantitative and qualitative analysis of agricultural and food policies in a globalized world with a special focus on the sustainable transformation (green...

Agriculture and food
EU / Western Europe


Henning Wilts is the Director of Division Circular Economy at the Wuppertal Institute. He studied economics with focus on European political science, economic policy, and fiscal law at the University of Cologne and holds a PhD from the Technical University of Darmstadt. His research focus is on transformative processes for a circular economy, econo...

Henning Wilts

Wuppertal Institute

Henning Wilts is the Director of Division Circular Economy at the Wuppertal Institute. He studied economics with focus on European political science, economic policy, and fiscal law at the University of Cologne and holds a PhD from the Technical University of Darmstadt. His research focus is on tran...

Agriculture and food
Environment and climate change


The issue of food waste prevention plays a role in global and national policies. Such prevention can reap economic and, in particular, environmental benefits. As our study shows, these environmental benefits are often lost due to indirect rebound effects. Income differences play a crucial role here....


Deborah Winkler is a Senior Economist in the World Bank Group’s Macroeconomics, Trade and Investment Global Practice. Deborah has worked on issues of global value chains, offshoring, export competitiveness, foreign direct investment, and trade in services; their determinants; and their economic and social effects. She is particularly interested ...

Deborah Winkler

World Bank

Deborah Winkler is a Senior Economist in the World Bank Group’s Macroeconomics, Trade and Investment Global Practice. Deborah has worked on issues of global value chains, offshoring, export competitiveness, foreign direct investment, and trade in services; their determinants; and their economic a...

Agriculture and food
Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Sub-saharan Africa
Mining
East Asia and Pacific
South Asia
Environment and climate change
The Middle East and North Africa
EU / Western Europe
Social and working conditions
Energy
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms
Latin America


Joseph (Joe) Wozniak is the director of the Trade for Sustainable Development (T4SD) Programme at the International Trade Centre, Geneva, Switzerland. Joe has over 12 years of experience in sustainable development in the public and private sectors. He holds a Master's Degree in International Relations and International Economics from Johns Hopkins...

Joseph Wozniak

International Trade Centre

Joseph (Joe) Wozniak is the director of the Trade for Sustainable Development (T4SD) Programme at the International Trade Centre, Geneva, Switzerland. Joe has over 12 years of experience in sustainable development in the public and private sectors. He holds a Master's Degree in International Relati...

Environment and climate change
Sustainability standards
Corporate responsibility and lead firms


Voluntary sustainability standards (VSS) have become a significant element of the governance of international trade and production. Even though VSS are not mandatory (required by law), in practice they are often necessary for producers to participate in global value chains. Finally, VSS are often co...


Cuihong Yang is professor at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, where she also obtained her PhD. Her main research areas are input-output analysis, economic forecasting and global value chains. She was vice president of the International Input-Output Association(2013-2018) and is the executive vice president of the Chinese Input-Output Society (2016 ...

Cuihong Yang

Chinese Academy of Sciences

Cuihong Yang is professor at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, where she also obtained her PhD. Her main research areas are input-output analysis, economic forecasting and global value chains. She was vice president of the International Input-Output Association(2013-2018) and is the executive vice pr...

Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
Services
East Asia and Pacific
Environment and climate change


Distinguishing processing trade is crucial to national input-output table-based research on China's international trade. This paper further investigates the importance of distinguishing China's processing trade in multicountry input-output table-based studies. We focus on the bias in China...


Miaojie Yu is a Boya Distinguished Professor of Economics at the Peking University in Beijing China where he also holds the position of a Secretary of the Party Committee and Deputy Dean of the National Development Research Institute. He has won different national and international award such as the National Outstanding Youth Fund award in China an...

Miaojie Yu

Peking University

Miaojie Yu is a Boya Distinguished Professor of Economics at the Peking University in Beijing China where he also holds the position of a Secretary of the Party Committee and Deputy Dean of the National Development Research Institute. He has won different national and international award such as the...

Trade and FDI
Manufacturing
East Asia and Pacific


This paper examines distribution-oriented outward FDI using Chinese multinational firm–level data. Distribution outward FDI refers to Chinese parent firms in manufacturing that penetrate foreign markets through wholesale trade affiliates that resell exportable goods. Our estimations correct for ra...


Yuan Zi is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Economics at the University of Oslo, a senior researcher at University of Zurich and a research affiliate at the Centre for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR). Her research interests include international trade, economic geography and economic development, with a special focus on global value ...

Yuan Zi

University of Oslo

Yuan Zi is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Economics at the University of Oslo, a senior researcher at University of Zurich and a research affiliate at the Centre for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR). Her research interests include international trade, economic geography and economic ...

Trade and FDI


This paper develops a model to study the impact of trade costs on developing countries’ industrialization when sequential production is networked in global value chains (GVCs). In a two-country setting, a decrease in trade costs of intermediates is associated with South joining and moving up the v...


Amélie zu Eulenburg is Head of Department for Sustainable Economic and Social Development at the DEval. She holds a Master in Economics and East European Studies focusing on development and transition economics at the Free University of Berlin. She worked as Project Manager in development cooperation projects including placements in-the-field on b...

Amélie zu Eulenburg

German Institute for Development Evaluation

Amélie zu Eulenburg is Head of Department for Sustainable Economic and Social Development at the DEval. She holds a Master in Economics and East European Studies focusing on development and transition economics at the Free University of Berlin. She worked as Project Manager in development cooperati...



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