Axel Berger

German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS)

Dr. Axel Berger is Deputy Director of the German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS). Axel holds a doctorate in political science from the University of Duisburg-Essen and a Master’s degree from the Munich Ludwig-Maximilians-University in political science, economics and modern history.


Investment dispute prevention and management at the national level

Clara Brandi, Jakob Schwab, Axel Berger, Jean-Frédéric Morin

Do environmental provisions in trade agreements make exports from developing countries greener?

Environmental provisions in preferential trade agreements (PTAs) are increasing in terms of their number and variety. The economic effects of these environmental provisions remain largely unclear. It is, therefore, necessary to determine whether the trend to incorporate environmental provisions in P...

Axel Berger, Dominique Bruhn

Vietnam’s Preferential Trade Agreements: Implications for GVC Participation and Upgrading

Vietnam is a lower-middle–income country and, like many of its peers, faces the challenge of upgrading to higher value-added tasks in global value chains (GVCs). Participation and upgrading are not an arbitrary policy objective: both may be of decisive importance for Vietnam’s future economic de...

Axel Berger, Matthias Busse, Peter Nunnenkamp, Martin Roy

Do trade and investment agreements lead to more FDI? Accounting for key provisions inside the black box

The previous literature provides a highly ambiguous picture on the impact of trade and investment agreements on FDI. Most empirical studies ignore the actual content of BITs and RTAs, treating them as “black boxes”, despite the diversity of investment provisions constituting the essence of these...

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