Gaaitzen de Vries

University of Groningen

Gaaitzen de Vries is associate professor at the Groningen Growth and Development Centre at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands, professor of global value chains at the University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China, and UNU-WIDER non-residential senior research fellow. He has been part of the World Input-Output Database project (, and has recently investigated the functional specialization of developing countries in global value chains. He holds a PhD from the University of Groningen.

Peter J. Buckley, Roger Strange, Marcel P. Timmer, Gaaitzen J. de Vries

Rent appropriation in global value chains: The past, present, and future of intangible assets

The argument of this article is that global strategy research should devote greater attention to rent appropriation in global value chains (GVCs). We discuss the concept of intangible assets, emphasize their scalability at low marginal cost and highlight strategies for the appropriation of rents fro...

Peter J. Buckley, Roger Strange, Marcel P. Timmer, Gaaitzen J. de Vries

Catching-up in the global factory: Analysis and policy implications

MNEs shape the location of activities in the world economy, linking diverse regions in what has been called the global factory. This study portrays the evolution of incomes and employment in the global factory using a quantitative input–output approach. We find emerging economies forging ahead rel...

Marcel P Timmer, Sébastien Miroudot, Gaaitzen J de Vries

Functional specialisation in trade

Production processes are fragmenting across borders with countries trading tasks rather than products. Export statistics based on value added reveal a process of vertical specialisation. Yet, what do countries do when exporting? In this article, we provide novel evidence on functional specialisation...

Laurie S.M. Reijnders, Gaaitzen J. de Vries

Technology, offshoring and the rise of non-routine jobs

This paper documents the growing share of non-routine jobs in the labor force of thirty-seven advanced and emerging countries over the period 1999–2007. To examine the role of offshoring and technological change in driving this labor market development, we develop a task-based model of production ...

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