Feb 12, 2024
Ibrahim Nana, Martin Paul Jr. Tabe-Ojong

Global Value Chains, Economic Growth, and Income Inequality: Evidence from Africa

Global value chains offer countries unique opportunities to participate in and benefit from international trade by specializing in specific production stages and tasks. We investigate the evolution of the integration of African countries into Global Value Chains (GVCs) and establish their relationsh...

Publication

Feb 12, 2024
Jann Lay, Tilman Altenburg, Melanie Müller, Tevin Tafese, Rainer Thiele, Frauke Steglich

Europäische Lieferkettenregulierung nicht aufhalten! Sie ist ein wichtiger Schritt für eine bessere Globalisierung

Im Dezember hatten sich die EU-Staaten und das Europäische Parlament auf eine Richtlinie für Lieferketten – die Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive (CSDDD) – geeinigt. Die Zustimmung des Rates am 9. Februar galt als Formsache. Doch nun droht das Veto Deutschlands die Richtlinie au...


Jan 30, 2024

“Sustainable global supply chains in times of geopolitical crises” Annual Report 2023

The overarching topic of this year's report is "The Role of Geopolitics in Global Supply Chains", highlighting ways in which recent geopolitical and geo-economic developments are shaping and influencing current debates and policy processes around global supply chains (GSCs). Following...

Publication

Jan 19, 2024
Mike Morris

Chinese Firms and Adherence to Global Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) Standards in Developing Countries: Is there Potential to Create Common Ground?

This paper focuses on analysing how Chinese firms operate in Latin America, Asia and Africa in regard to ESG (environmental, social and governance) standards and sustainability issues. How do they respond to the increasing global value chain requirement to incorporate and maintain ESG standards? Is ...

Publication

May 3, 2023
Markus Krajewski & Gabriel Felbermayr

Debate: “Do due diligence laws improve the rights of workers in production countries?”

Markus Krajewski is University Professor at the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg and holds the Chair in Public Law and Public International Law. Prof. Krajewski is one of the programme directors of the MA in Human Rights and chairperson of the Interdisciplinary Research Centre for Human Rights Erlan...


Apr 21, 2023

What is the effect of environmental standards on agricultural value chains?

Mangos or rice, chocolate or even wood - just to mention a few agricultural products that are heavily exported from several countries in the Global South to the Global North. A growing number of them are grown, harvested and processed in line with environmental standards and labels. These standards ...


Jan 1, 2023
Melanie Müller, Christina Saulich, Meike Schulze, Svenja Schöneich

From Competition to a Sustainable Raw Materials Diplomacy

German and European businesses are highly dependent on metals. Demand for these raw materials is expected to grow even further as they will be needed for the green energy and electric mobility tran­sition, digitalisation and other emerging technologies. Geopolitical developments influence securi...

Publication

Apr 5, 2022

Sustainable Global Supply Chains Report 2022

Global supply chains affect the economy, the environment and social welfare in many ways. Worldwide, economies are experiencing global supply shortages today, affecting key industries such as automotive and consumer electronics as well as vaccine and medical supplies industries. These preoccupy poli...

Publication

Feb 23, 2022
Kristoffer Marslev, Cornelia Staritz, and Gale Raj-Reichert

Rethinking social upgrading in global value chains around worker power

The concept of ‘social upgrading’ has been instrumental in bringing the situation of workers in export sectors across the global South to the fore in research on global value chains (GVCs) and global production networks (GPNs). Responding to accusations of ‘labour-blindness’ (Taylor, 2007), ...


Jan 12, 2022
Philipp Herkenhoff, Sebastian Krautheim, Finn Ole Semrau, Frauke Steglich

Corporate Social Responsibility along the Global Value Chain

Firms are under increasing pressure to meet stakeholders’ demand for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) along their global value chains. We study the incentives for and investments in CSR at different stages of the production process. We analyze a model of sequential production with incomplete ...

Publication

Feb 17, 2021
Alvaro Espitia, Aaditya Mattoo, Nadia Rocha, Michele Ruta, Deborah Winkler

Pandemic trade: COVID‐19, remote work and global value chains

This paper studies the trade effects of COVID-19 using monthly disaggregated trade data for 28 countries and multiple trading partners from the beginning of the pandemic to June 2020. Regression results based on a sector-level gravity model show that the negative trade effects induced by COVID-19 sh...

Publication

Jan 1, 2021
Sanchita Banerjee Saxena, Harpreet Kaur, Salil Tripathi

How the Pandemic has Impacted the Various Layers of the Global Garment Supply Chain

This timely collection brings together original explorations of the COVID-19 pandemic and its wide-ranging, global effects on human rights. The contributors argue that a human rights perspective is necessary to understand the pervasive consequences of the crisis, while focusing attention on those...

Publication

Jan 1, 2021
Almut Schilling-Vacaflor, Andrea Lenschow, Edward Challies, Benedetta Cotta, Jens Newig

Contextualizing certification and auditing: Soy certification and access of local communities to land and water in Brazil

The massive expansion of soy production in Brazil has contributed to a loss of access for local communities to land and water, particularly in highly dynamic frontier regions in the Cerrado. Soy certification standards like the Roundtable on Responsible Soy (RTRS) contain principles that are suppose...

Publication

Jan 1, 2021
Almut Schilling-Vacaflor

Integrating Human Rights and the Environment in Supply Chain Regulations

To address the negative externalities associated with global trade, countries in the Global North have increasingly adopted supply chain regulations. While global supply chains cause or contribute to interconnected environmental and human rights impacts, I show that supply chain regulations often ex...

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Jan 1, 2021
Larissa Rodrigues, Felipe Bastos, Radolfo Finatti, Marta Salomon

What is the real socioeconomic impact of gold and diamond exploration in the Amazon?

Gold and diamond mining in the Amazon has become a major debate topic in recent years, and has intensified during the term of the current federal administration, alongside the issues of increased deforestation and armed conflict over land use. The question remains: does mineral exploration actually ...

Publication

Jan 1, 2021
Larissa Rodrigues, Felipe Bastos, Radolfo Finatti, Marta Salomon

Protected areas or threatened areas? The endless gold rush in the Indigenous Lands and Conservation Units of the Amazon

This study features updated data until 2020 on the size of the threat that gold poses to protected areas in the Legal Amazon. To accomplish this, the study analyzed all gold prospecting requests (prospecting applications and permits) registered with the National Mining Agency (Agência Nacional de M...

Publication

Jan 1, 2021
Sanchita Banerjee Saxena, Nancy Reyes Mullins, Salil Tripathi

The Weakest Link in the Global Supply Chain – How the Pandemic is Affecting Bangladesh’s Garment Workers

The readymade garment industry employs millions of workers in Bangladesh and has contributed to the nation's development. The COVID19 pandemic has had a devastating impact on the sector as malls and factories had to close and workers faced uncertain futures. This report evaluates global reta...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Adriana Erthal Abdenur

Gender, Climate and Security in Latin America and the Caribbean: From Diagnostics to Solutions

The evidence base on the relationship between climate change and security in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) has expanded over the past two years. Recent research has shown that a wide variety of phenomena—from extreme weather events in the Caribbean, to soil erosion in Central America, to c...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Weiß, Daniel, Garcia Bibiana

Respect for Human Rights in Global Value Chains: Risks and Opportunities for German Industries.

The German Federal Government adopted the National Action Plan for Business and Human Rights (NAP) in 2016. This plan lays down German companies’ responsibility to respect human rights. In addition, it provides for a bundle of measures to assist companies with implementing and organ­ising their d...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Erik Churchill, José-Antonio Monteiro, Victor Stolzenburg & Deborah Winkler

Women and Trade: The role of trade in promoting gender equality

In view of the complexity of the relationship between trade and gender, it is important to assess the potential impact of trade policy on both women and men and to develop appropriate policies to ensure that trade contributes to enhancing opportunities for all. Building on new analysis and data brok...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Janpeter Schilling; Almut Schilling-Vacaflor, Riccarda Flemmer, Rebecca Froese

A political ecology perspective on resource extraction and human security in Kenya, Bolivia and Peru

This paper analyzes how the governance of non-renewable natural resources affects different dimensions of human security in local sites of extraction. We show how the analysis of human security can be embedded in a multi-scalar political ecology perspective to combine the strong suits of both approa...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Giovanni Pasquali, Shane Godfrey, Khalid Nadvi

Understanding regional value chains through the interaction of public and private governance: Insights from Southern Africa’s apparel sector

Regional value chains (RVCs) and South–South trade are increasingly considered key features of 21st-century globalisation. This article investigates how RVCs are shaped by the interaction of private and public governance. It evaluates how this interaction unfolded in Southern Africa’s apparel RV...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Jedrzej George Frynas, Lars Buur

The presource curse in Africa: Economic and political effects of anticipating natural resource revenues

The notion of the ‘resource curse’ suggests that large inflows of extractive industry revenues cause many adverse macro-economic and political effects. The resource curse literature focuses on the impact of actual inflows of extractive resource revenues. However, anticipation of future resource ...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Gale Raj-Reichert, Helena Gräf

Socially responsible public procurement by the city and districts of Berlin: protecting workers in global supply chains

Workers in factories of global supply chains in the global South producing goods governments purchase often face poor working conditions. A governance tool to improve the situation is socially responsible public procurement. We assess this potential vis-à-vis the newly revised public procurement la...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Mark Alan Heuer, Usman Khalid, Stefan Seuring

Bottoms up: Delivering sustainable value in the base of the pyramid

Despite a wealth of expertise involving leading institutions over at least 15 years, a base of the pyramid (BoP) model resulting in scalability has yet to emerge. We posit that institutional gaps between BoP goals of developing human and social capital on one hand and a short-term profit focus of bu...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Lars Buur, Rasmus H. Pedersen, Malin J. Nystrand, José J. Macuane, Thabit Jacob

The politics of natural resource investments and rights in Africa: A theoretical approach

Over the past decade and a half, large-scale investments in natural resources in African countries have increased dramatically. While investments in natural resources and agriculture have become more important for African economies, since they have stimulated economic growth and made regimes depende...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
Stefano Ponte, Gary Gereffi, Gale Raj-Reichert

Handbook on Global Value Chains

Global value chains (GVCs) are a key feature of the global economy in the 21st century. They show how international investment and trade create cross-border production networks that link countries, firms and workers around the globe. This Handbook describes how GVCs arise and vary across industries ...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
Sanchita Banerjee Saxena

Labor, global supply chains, and the garment industry in South Asia: Bangladesh after Rana Plaza

This book argues that larger flaws in the global supply chain must first be addressed to change the way business is conducted to prevent factory owners from taking deadly risks to meet clients' demands in the garment industry in Bangladesh. Using the 2013 Rana-Plaza disaster as a departure poin...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
Sourafel Girma, Holger Görg, Erasmus Kersting

Which boats are lifted by a foreign tide? Direct and indirect wage effects of foreign ownership

The attraction of foreign direct investment (FDI) is considered to be of particular importance for emerging economies because it represents a channel through which international convergence in standards of living may be achieved. One important effect of FDI is its impact on wages, both within the ta...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
Gale Raj-Reichert

Global Value Chains, Contract Manufacturers, and the Middle-Income Trap: The Electronics Industry in Malaysia

The electronics industry has been a cornerstone to the successful industrialisation process in Malaysia since the 1970s. However, since the 2000s the industry, which is deeply integrated in global value chains, has failed to upgrade. Its stagnation is indicative of the general economic situation in ...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
World Bank

World Development Report 2020: Trading for Development in the Age of Global Value Chains

Jan 1, 2019
Ismail Doga Karatepe, Christoph Scherrer

Collective Action as a Prerequisite for Economic and Social Upgrading in Agricultural Production Networks

This article highlights the importance of collective action and the role of the state in upgrading the social and economic conditions of farmworkers and smallholders. It is argued that economic upgrading does not automatically translate into social upgrading for workers and small producers and explo...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
Inga Carry

Climate Change, Water Security, and National Security in Jordan, Palestine, and Israel

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is considered a climate hotspot due to its natural water scarcity, low levels of socio-ecological resilience, social tensions and political conflicts, and ongoing immigration crisis. Over the course of the century, Jordan, Palestine, and Israel are proj...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
Stephanie BARRIENTOS, Lara BIANCHI, Cindy BERMAN

Gender and governance of global value chains: Promoting the rights of women workers

Private governance channelled through social compliance programmes and gender initiatives of multinational companies have had limited impact in tackling gender discrimination in global value chains (GVCs). The United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs) provide a public–...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
Gale Raj-Reichert

The powers of a social auditor in a global production network: the case of Verité and the exposure of forced labour in the electronics industry

Research on labour governance actors in global production networks (GPNs) has been limited to civil society organisations, firms and governments. Understanding the influence of actors in GPNs has been dealt with singular and overt modes of relational power. This paper contributes to both debates by ...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
Janina Grabs, Stefano Ponte

The evolution of power in the global coffee value chain and production network

The configurations of global value chains and production networks are constantly changing, leading to new trajectories and geographical distributions of value creation and capture. In this article, we offer a 40-year evolutionary perspective on power and governance in the global coffee value chain a...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
Stephanie Barrientos

Gender and Work in Global Value Chains

This book focuses on the changing gender patterns of work in a global retail environment associated with the rise of contemporary retail and global sourcing. This has affected the working lives of hundreds of millions of workers in high-, middle- and low-income countries. The growth of contemporary ...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
Sotiris Blanas, Adnan Seric, Christian Viegelahn

Job Quality, FDI and Institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Firm-Level Data

Using a unique sample of foreign-owned and domestic firms in Sub-Saharan Africa, we study the differences in the quality of jobs that they offer, and identify how these differences are associated with country-level institutional factors. We find that foreign-owned firms offer more stable and secure ...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
Janpeter Schilling

An Environment of Insecurity: The Relationship between Environmental Change and Violent Conflict in Northwest Kenya

About the book: Security threats today are increasingly complex, dynamic, and asymmetric, and can affect environmental factors like energy, water, and food supply. As a result, it is becoming evident that the traditional model of nation-state based security is incomplete, and that purely militar...

Publication

Jan 1, 2018
Günther Maihold

Colombia’s Peace and Venezuela’s Turmoil. An Emerging Regional Crisis Landscape in South America

Despite concerted political efforts to isolate the Colombian peace process from Venezuela’s internal unrest, the signs suggest coalescence and tectonic strife in the region. There are justified concerns that the increasingly interconnected constellation of precarious peace in Colombia and growing ...

Publication

Jan 1, 2018
Farole, T.; Hollweg, C.; Winkler, D.

Trade in Global Value Chains : An Assessment of Labor Market Implications

The paper is structured in six further sections following this introduction. Section two develops a conceptual framework, and reviews the literature on the relationship between trade integration and labor market outcomes. Section three outlines the empirical framework and data used in the analysis. ...

Publication

Jan 1, 2018
Christina Saulich; Siegmar Schmidt

Das Konfliktpotential großer Rohstoffvorkommen in Mosambik

Current protests and acts of violence have sparked a debate on a potential resource curse in Mozambique. This paper analyses the role of resource abundance in recent societal conflicts in Mozambique. The strand of literature on resources and conflicts sheds no light on the underlying structural sour...

Publication

Jan 1, 2018
Holger Görg, Aoife Hanley, Adnan Seric

Corporate Social Responsibility in Global Supply Chains: Deeds Not Words

The disconnect between the lofty aspirations of firms claiming Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and their shortcomings in practice have caused some observers to question its usefulness. The fallout from events like the Rana Plaza catastrophe has highlighted some of these shortcomings—namely, ...

Publication

Jan 1, 2018
Markus Krajewski

State duty to protect and corporate responsibility for human rights in global supply chains

The responsibility of transnational corporations for human rights violations in global supply chains continue to be of public interest: Fires in textile factories in Pakistan, environmental destructions due to oil production or worst forms of child labour in mines which produce minerals for electron...

Publication

Jan 1, 2018
Inga Carry

Good Water Neighbors? A Study of Environmental Peacebuilding in Israel and Palestine

Water scarcity, pollution, and unequal distribution add complexity to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In response, EcoPeace Middle East engages Israelis, Palestinians, and Jordanians in cross-border environmental cooperation while promoting dialogue and trust among members of all three societies. ...

Publication

Jan 1, 2018
Christoph Scherrer

Labour surplus is here to stay: why ‘decent work for all’ will remain elusive

In 2015, the United Nations agreed to pursue the Sustainable Development Goal #8 ‘To promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, employment and decent work for all’. The paper argues that this goal will not be achieved. The abundance of persons offering their ...

Publication

Feb 1, 2017
Jennifer Bair

Contextualising compliance: hybrid governance in global value chains

Widespread disappointment with compliance auditing in supply chains has led to a search for new governance solutions in global industries. Recent scholarship on labour standards in supply chains emphasises the need for complementarity between public and private forms of governance, and the importanc...

Publication

Jan 1, 2017
Melanie Müller

Deutsche Kupferimporte: Menschenrechtsverletzungen, Unternehmensverantwortung und Transparenz entlang der Lieferkette

Die vorliegende Studie untersucht, wie deutsche Unternehmen im Kupferbereich über die Herkunft ihrer Rohstoffe sowie über ihre Menschenrechtsstandards berichten. Die Studie geht dabei in fünf Schritten vor: Das erste Kapitel führt in die Thematik der Unternehmensverantwortung in globalen Lieferk...

Publication

Jan 1, 2017
Axel Berger, Dominique Bruhn

Vietnam at a crossroads: engaging in the next generation of global value chains

Vietnam is a lower-middle–income country and, like many of its peers, faces the challenge of upgrading to higher value-added tasks in global value chains (GVCs). Participation and upgrading are not an arbitrary policy objective: both may be of decisive importance for Vietnam’s future economic de...

Publication

Jan 1, 2017
Kunal Sen

What Explains the Job Creating Potential of Industrialisation in the Developing World?

This paper examines why job creation in the manufacturing sector has differed widely across developing countries, using a modified Lewis model that captures the scale, composition and labour intensity effects of industrialisation on job creation. We show that while the scale effect has been mostly p...

Publication

Jan 1, 2017
Inga Carry

Environmental Peacebuilding Across Borders and Sectors: A Concerted Approach to Multilateral Cooperation in the Middle East

Disputes over water constitute a major area of disagreement between Israel and Palestine. The uncoordinated and irresponsible environmental actions on both sides have created serious ecological and humanitarian hazards that require rapid, yet sustainable action. Those who argue that the water proble...

Publication

Jan 1, 2017
Angie N Tran, Jennifer Bair, Marion Werner

Forcing change from the outside? The role of trade-labour linkages in transforming Vietnam’s labour regime

Do trade-labour linkages improve the conditions and rights of workers in low-wage countries? We consider this question in Vietnam, a market economy with socialist orientation that has seen rapid growth in export manufacturing and foreign direct investment, while signing regional trade agreements, wh...

Publication

Jan 1, 2017
Melanie Müller; Bettina Engels; Kristina Dietz

Ausgebaggert: Weltweite Proteste gegen den Bergbau

Jan 1, 2017
Matthew Alford, Stephanie Barrientos, Margareet Visser

Multi-scalar Labour Agency in Global Production Networks: Contestation and Crisis in the South African Fruit Sector

Integration into global production networks poses significant challenges, and also opens up opportunities, for labour agency. Governance by lead firms affects working conditions and can drive precarious employment; this interacts with and can constrain national labour legislation covering labour rig...

Publication

Jan 1, 2017
Ahmad, N, Primi A.

From domestic to regional to global: Factory Africa and factory Latin America?

This chapter provides a brief overview of upgrading and GVC terminologies, providing insights on interpretability pitfalls. It offers evidence of the complementarities between strong domestic supply chains and imports and then demonstrates the importance of strong regional value chains for integrati...

Publication

Jan 1, 2016
Günther Maihold

Intervention by Invitation? Shared Sovereignty in the Fight against Impunity in Guatemala

This article deals with the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG), a joint hybrid commission to investigate impunity in the context of illegal security networks and organized crime. It was set up as an external governance intervention through an agreement between the UN and ...

Publication

Jan 1, 2016
Thomas Farole

Do global value chains create jobs?

Global value chains (GVCs) describe the cross-national activities and inputs required to bring a product or service to the market. While they can boost exports and productivity, the resulting labor market impacts vary significantly across developing countries. Some experience large-scale manufacturi...

Publication

Jan 1, 2015
Sadaat Ali Yawar, Stefan Seuring

Management of Social Issues in Supply Chains: A Literature Review Exploring Social Issues, Actions and Performance Outcomes

The social dimension of sustainable develop- ment and its impact on supply chains have so far received less attention than the environmental dimension. The aim of the research is to explore the intersection between social issues, corporate social responsibility (CSR) actions and performance outcomes...

Publication

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