Women and Trade: The role of trade in promoting gender equality

Erik Churchill, José-Antonio Monteiro, Victor Stolzenburg & Deborah Winkler
DOI number
#Trade and FDI
#Social and working conditions

In view of the complexity of the relationship between trade and gender, it is important to assess the potential impact of trade policy on both women and men and to develop appropriate policies to ensure that trade contributes to enhancing opportunities for all. Building on new analysis and data broken down by gender, “Women and Trade: The role of trade in promoting gender equality” aims to advance understanding of the relationship between trade and gender equality and to identify opportunities through which trade can improve the lives of women. Research on gender equality and trade has been held back by limited data as well as by a lack of understanding of the connections between the economic roles women play as workers, consumers and decision-makers. The report gathers new data to show how trade and trade policy can affect men and women differently — in terms of wages, consumption and welfare and in the quality of jobs available to them. New analysis based on these data suggests that expanding trade can act as an impetus for countries to improve women's rights and boost female participation in the economy. Co-published in 2020 by the World Trade Organization and the World Bank.


Victor Stolzenburg

World Trade Organization

Deborah Winkler

World Bank

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