Feb 12, 2024
Jann Lay, Tilman Altenburg, Melanie Müller, Tevin Tafese, Rainer Thiele, Frauke Steglich

Europäische Lieferkettenregulierung nicht aufhalten! Sie ist ein wichtiger Schritt für eine bessere Globalisierung

Im Dezember hatten sich die EU-Staaten und das Europäische Parlament auf eine Richtlinie für Lieferketten – die Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive (CSDDD) – geeinigt. Die Zustimmung des Rates am 9. Februar galt als Formsache. Doch nun droht das Veto Deutschlands die Richtlinie au...


Jan 19, 2024
Mike Morris

Chinese Firms and Adherence to Global Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) Standards in Developing Countries: Is there Potential to Create Common Ground?

This paper focuses on analysing how Chinese firms operate in Latin America, Asia and Africa in regard to ESG (environmental, social and governance) standards and sustainability issues. How do they respond to the increasing global value chain requirement to incorporate and maintain ESG standards? Is ...

Publication

May 3, 2023
Markus Krajewski & Gabriel Felbermayr

Debate: “Do due diligence laws improve the rights of workers in production countries?”

Markus Krajewski is University Professor at the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg and holds the Chair in Public Law and Public International Law. Prof. Krajewski is one of the programme directors of the MA in Human Rights and chairperson of the Interdisciplinary Research Centre for Human Rights Erlan...


Jan 1, 2023
Melanie Müller, Christina Saulich, Meike Schulze, Svenja Schöneich

From Competition to a Sustainable Raw Materials Diplomacy

German and European businesses are highly dependent on metals. Demand for these raw materials is expected to grow even further as they will be needed for the green energy and electric mobility tran­sition, digitalisation and other emerging technologies. Geopolitical developments influence securi...

Publication

Sep 15, 2022
Luc Fransen, Ans Kolk, Miguel Rivera-Santos

The multiplicity of international corporate social responsibility standards

Purpose This paper aims to examine the multiplicity of corporate social responsibility (CSR) standards, explaining its nature, dynamics and implications for multinational enterprises (MNEs) and international business (IB), especially in the context of CSR and global value chain (GVC) governance. ...

Publication

Sep 15, 2022
Merel Serdijn, Ans Kolk, Luc Fransen

Uncovering missing links in global value chain research – and implications for corporate social responsibility and international business

Purpose Amidst burgeoning attention for global value chains (GVCs) in international business (IB), this paper aims to identify a clear “missing link” in this literature and discusses implications for research and corporate social responsibility (CSR) policy-making and implementation. Design/...

Publication

Jun 28, 2022
Bettina Rudloff

Sustainable international value chains: The EU’s new due diligence approach as part of a policy mix

A new family of regulatory approaches affecting international value chains has been initiated recently, mainly by developed countries, the Due Diligence Laws (DDLs). These new approaches are an addition to already existing (and partially) older trade measures that have already been adapted in the pa...

Publication

Apr 5, 2022

Sustainable Global Supply Chains Report 2022

Global supply chains affect the economy, the environment and social welfare in many ways. Worldwide, economies are experiencing global supply shortages today, affecting key industries such as automotive and consumer electronics as well as vaccine and medical supplies industries. These preoccupy poli...

Publication

Mar 25, 2022
Janina Grabs, Federico Cammelli, Sam Levy, and Rachael Garrett

How to find synergies between effectiveness and equity when designing supply chain sustainability policies

Companies with global supply chains are under growing pressure to ensure that their activities and sourcing patterns abroad do not contribute to environmental degradation and human rights abuses. In response, many businesses create supply chain sustainability policies. Such company-internal schemes,...


Mar 7, 2022
Stefano Ponte

Who Gains and who pays the costs of environmental sustainability in global value chains?

The mainstreaming of sustainability management in business is providing new avenues of value creation, capture and (re)distribution, and new opportunities to transfer the costs of environmental compliance along Global Value Chains (GVCs). Suppliers, workers, and farmers – often based in the Global...


Feb 2, 2022
Kristoffer Marslev,Cornelia Staritz,and Gale Raj-Reichert

Rethinking Social Upgrading in Global Value Chains: Worker Power, State‒Labour Relations and Intersectionality

This article builds on critiques of the concept of social upgrading in global value chain (GVC) research, which problematize its coupling to lead firm strategies and economic upgrading by supplier firms, by reconceptualizing social upgrading through the lens of worker power. It argues that a better ...

Publication

Jan 25, 2022
GALE RAJ-REICHERT, CORNELIA STARITZ and LEONHARD PLANK

Conceptualizing the Regulator-Buyer State in the European Union for the Exercise of Socially Responsible Public Procurement in Global Production Networks

Labour rights violations and poor working conditions are rife in global production networks (GPNs). Until now research on labour governance in GPNs has been dominated by private measures. We ignite discussions on the role of the state in governing labour conditions in GPNs by focusing on a less well...

Publication

Jan 12, 2022
Philipp Herkenhoff, Sebastian Krautheim, Finn Ole Semrau, Frauke Steglich

Corporate Social Responsibility along the Global Value Chain

Firms are under increasing pressure to meet stakeholders’ demand for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) along their global value chains. We study the incentives for and investments in CSR at different stages of the production process. We analyze a model of sequential production with incomplete ...

Publication

Jan 1, 2022
Hannes Grohs, Jan Grumiller, Werner Raza

Resilience in Sustainable Global Supply Chains: Evidence and Policy Recommendations

The COVID-19 pandemic-induced lockdowns and export restrictions highlighted the vulnerability of global trade and global value chains (GVCs). What is more, many commentators argue that the likelihood of exogenous shocks that threaten international trade and GVCs, such as natural disasters, pandemics...

Publication

Jan 1, 2022
Melanie Müller, Christina Saulich, Meike Schulze

Public-Private Alliances for Sustainable Commodity Supply Chains

The promotion of public-private cooperation in resource-rich countries of the Global South can serve as a flanking measure that strengthens the impact of supply chain laws. The case of the South African mining sector in its struggle against Covid-19 shows that close cooperation between companies, th...

Publication

Oct 13, 2021

Due diligence regulations in supply chains

Many European countries have passed due diligence laws. They are supposed to tackle human rights violations - like child labour, or poor working conditions - along the entire supply chain. The European Union is also working on such a law which will also focus on environmental risks in supply chains....


Aug 5, 2021
Matthew Alford, Margareet Visser, Stephanie Barrientos

Southern actors and the governance of labour standards in global production networks: The case of South African fruit and wine

Recent studies highlight the emergence of standards, including multi-stakeholder initiatives developed and applied within the global South where supplier firms are usually based. This trend has created a complex ethical terrain whereby transnational standards flow through global production networks ...

Publication

Jul 15, 2021
Sophie Hatte, Pamina Koenig

The Geography of NGO Activism against Multinational Corporations

To what extent do Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) monitor global value chains? While NGOs regularly denounce the behavior of multinational corporations throughout the world, their motivations for choosing campaign targets remain largely unknown. Using a new dataset on activists’ campaigns to...

Publication

Jun 25, 2021
Bettina Rudloff

Supply chain legislation: “The EU’s general principle is to support, not to punish

May 1, 2021
Joseph Sarkis

Mandating Sustainable Governance of the Supply Chain – Complementing Old Carrots with New Sticks?

In the wake of the COVID-19 crisis, supply chain challenges have received renewed attention and have become a major concern from both resilience (Golan et al., 2020) and sustainability (Sarkis, 2021) perspectives. For example – based on its Green Deal – the European Union (EU) is considering the...


Jan 1, 2021
Julia Schwarzkopf, Klaus Fischer, Martin Müller

Success factors of voluntary sustainable supply chain management sector initiatives

Sustainability can create greater efficiency and cost savings in the supply chain. Supply chains, which are more complex and global than ever before, are full of both risks and opportunities. The risks range from inconsistent or poor quality to supply disruptions to health and safety concerns to cor...

Publication

Jan 1, 2021
Almut Schilling‐Vacaflor, Andrea Lenschow

Hardening foreign corporate accountability through mandatory due diligence in the European Union? New trends and persisting challenges

The negative externalities of global commodity chains and existing governance gaps have received wide scholarly attention. Indeed, many sectors including forest-risk commodities (FRCs) like soy and beef from Brazil remain largely unregulated. This article analyzes ongoing policy-making processes at ...

Publication

Jan 1, 2021
Günther Maihold.; Melanie Müller.; Christina Saulich.; Svenja Schöneich

Responsibility in Supply Chains – Germany’s Due Diligence Act Is a Good Start

On 3 March, the Federal Cabinet adopted an act on corporate due diligence in supply chains. This represents an important step towards German businesses assuming full and proper responsibility for the supply chains associated with their goods and services. The move puts Germany in a group of European...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Krishnan, A and Maxwell, S

Counting carbon in global trade Why imported emissions challenge the climate regime and what might be done about it

The foundations of the climate regime are under threat, with significant implications for developing countries. This report identifies two main threats to the climate regime. The first is the growing importance of emissions traded across national borders, currently accounting for up to 38% of globa...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Weiß, Daniel, Garcia Bibiana

Respect for Human Rights in Global Value Chains: Risks and Opportunities for German Industries.

The German Federal Government adopted the National Action Plan for Business and Human Rights (NAP) in 2016. This plan lays down German companies’ responsibility to respect human rights. In addition, it provides for a bundle of measures to assist companies with implementing and organ­ising their d...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Lenis Saweda O. Liverpool-Tasie, Ayala Wineman, Sarah Young, Justice Tambo, Carolina Vargas, Thomas Reardon, Guigonan Serge Adjognon, Jaron Porciello, Nasra Gathoni, Livia Bizikova, Alessandra Galiè & Ashley Celestin

A scoping review of market links between value chain actors and small-scale producers in developing regions

Sustainable Development Goal 2 aims to end hunger, achieve food and nutrition security and promote sustainable agriculture by 2030. This requires that small-scale producers be included in, and benefit from, the rapid growth and transformation under way in food systems. Small-scale producers interact...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Janpeter Schilling; Almut Schilling-Vacaflor, Riccarda Flemmer, Rebecca Froese

A political ecology perspective on resource extraction and human security in Kenya, Bolivia and Peru

This paper analyzes how the governance of non-renewable natural resources affects different dimensions of human security in local sites of extraction. We show how the analysis of human security can be embedded in a multi-scalar political ecology perspective to combine the strong suits of both approa...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Almut Schilling-Vacaflor

Putting the French Duty of Vigilance Law in Context: Towards Corporate Accountability for Human Rights Violations in the Global South?

The adoption of the French Duty of Vigilance law has been celebrated as a milestone for advancing the transnational business and human rights regime. The law can contribute to harden corporate accountability by challenging the “separation principle” of transnational companies and by obligating c...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Mark Alan Heuer, Usman Khalid, Stefan Seuring

Bottoms up: Delivering sustainable value in the base of the pyramid

Despite a wealth of expertise involving leading institutions over at least 15 years, a base of the pyramid (BoP) model resulting in scalability has yet to emerge. We posit that institutional gaps between BoP goals of developing human and social capital on one hand and a short-term profit focus of bu...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Iain J. Fraser, Martin Müller, Julia Schwarzkopf

Transparency for Multi-Tier Sustainable Supply Chain Management: A Case Study of a Multi-tier Transparency Approach for SSCM in the Automotive Industry

Sustainability in supply chain management (SSCM) has become established in both academia and increasingly in practice. As stakeholders continue to require focal companies (FCs) to take more responsibility for their entire supply chains (SCs), this has led to the development of multi-tier SSCM (MT-SS...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Markus Krajewski

A Nightmare or a Noble Dream? Establishing Investor Obligations Through Treaty-Making and Treaty-Application

This article assesses different approaches currently discussed and developed in international human rights and investment law to establish investor obligations. The article begins with a general framework of analysing and comparing these approaches. Next, attempts to include direct obligations of bu...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Iain J. Fraser, Julia Schwarzkopf, Martin Müller

Exploring Supplier Sustainability Audit Standards: Potential for and Barriers to Standardization

Global focal companies are increasingly required and expected to monitor the sustainability risks and activities in their supply chains, which has resulted in increasing supplier sustainability audit activity and growth in the number of sustainability initiatives/associations. While common, shared a...

Publication

Jan 1, 2020
Anthony Goerzen, Ari Van Assche

Global value Chain Governance: A Multinational Enterprise Capabilities View

The drivers of economic globalization are leading many firms to disaggregate and redistribute their operations by outsourcing and offshoring. The result of the process is to create global value chains (GVCs) that are a collection of loosely affiliated, spatially distributed firms engaged in bringing...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
Stefano Ponte, Gary Gereffi, Gale Raj-Reichert

Handbook on Global Value Chains

Global value chains (GVCs) are a key feature of the global economy in the 21st century. They show how international investment and trade create cross-border production networks that link countries, firms and workers around the globe. This Handbook describes how GVCs arise and vary across industries ...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
World Bank

World Development Report 2020: Trading for Development in the Age of Global Value Chains

Jan 1, 2019
Pamina Koenig, Sandra Poncet

Social responsibility scandals and trade

This paper studies the effect of social responsibility scandals on the imports of consumer products, by focusing on an event which generated massive consumer mobilization against neglecting firms, namely the collapse of the Rana Plaza building affecting the textile industry in Bangladesh. We investi...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
LONE RIISGAARD, PETER LUND‐THOMSEN, NEIL M. COE

Multistakeholder initiatives in global production networks: naturalizing specific understandings of sustainability through the Better Cotton Initiative

In recent years, various academics, consultants, companies and NGOs have advocated a move towards more cooperative approaches to private sustainability standards to address the widely identified shortcomings of the compliance paradigm. However, is it possible to address these limitations by moving t...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
Pamina Koenig and Sandra Poncet

Reputation and (un)fair trade: Effects on French importers from the Rana Plaza collapse

This paper analyzes the effects of a major reputational shock affecting textile importers fromBangladesh. The collapse of the Rana Plaza building in April 2013 generated a surge of activismand media coverage specifically targeting the firms that sourced from the factories affected bythe disaster. Us...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
Stephanie BARRIENTOS, Lara BIANCHI, Cindy BERMAN

Gender and governance of global value chains: Promoting the rights of women workers

Private governance channelled through social compliance programmes and gender initiatives of multinational companies have had limited impact in tackling gender discrimination in global value chains (GVCs). The United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs) provide a public–...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
Stamm Andreas, Tilman Altenburg, Maximilian Müngersdorff, Tim Stoffel, Kasper Vrolijk

Soziale und ökologische Herausforderungen der globalen Textilwirtschaft: Lösungsbeiträge der deutschen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit

Bekleidung für den rasch wachsenden Weltmarkt wird fast ausschließlich in Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländern gefertigt. Die Produktionsbedingungen in diesen Ländern gehen mit erheblichen sozialen und ökologischen Problemen einher. Diese in den Griff zu bekommen, ist eines der wesentlichen Ziele...

Publication

Jan 1, 2019
Mahwish J Khan, Stefano Ponte, Peter Lund-Thomsen

The ‘factory manager dilemma’: Purchasing practices and environmental upgrading in apparel global value chains

Economic and environmental upgrading in global value chains are intertwined processes. The existing global value chain literature has so far articulated the relationships between economic and social upgrading but has only recently started to explore the challenges of environmental upgrading from the...

Publication

Jan 1, 2018
Michael Brüntrup, Fabian Schwarz, Thomas Absmayr, Jonas Dylla, Franziska Eckhard, Kerstin Remke, Konrad Sternisko

Nucleus-outgrower schemes as an alternative to traditional smallholder agriculture in Tanzania – strengths, weaknesses and policy requirements

The public debate about the right type of agriculture for Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) often constructs a dichotomy between smallholders and large-scale agriculture. This over-simplification ignores some important intermediary forms for organising agriculture, including nucleus-outgrower schemes (NOSs)....

Publication

Jan 1, 2018
Holger Görg, Aoife Hanley, Adnan Seric

Corporate Social Responsibility in Global Supply Chains: Deeds Not Words

The disconnect between the lofty aspirations of firms claiming Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and their shortcomings in practice have caused some observers to question its usefulness. The fallout from events like the Rana Plaza catastrophe has highlighted some of these shortcomings—namely, ...

Publication

Jan 1, 2018
Markus Krajewski

State duty to protect and corporate responsibility for human rights in global supply chains

The responsibility of transnational corporations for human rights violations in global supply chains continue to be of public interest: Fires in textile factories in Pakistan, environmental destructions due to oil production or worst forms of child labour in mines which produce minerals for electron...

Publication

Jan 1, 2018
Philipp Herkenhoff, Sebastian Krautheim

The International Organization of Production in the Regulatory Void

In recent decades, a large and increasing number of leading firms in a diverse set of industries have faced allegations of ‘unethical’ practices along their international value chains. In many cases this has triggered consumer boycotts and NGO campaigns, introducing a new link between upstream (...

Publication

Feb 1, 2017
Jennifer Bair

Contextualising compliance: hybrid governance in global value chains

Widespread disappointment with compliance auditing in supply chains has led to a search for new governance solutions in global industries. Recent scholarship on labour standards in supply chains emphasises the need for complementarity between public and private forms of governance, and the importanc...

Publication

Jan 1, 2017
Melanie Müller

Deutsche Kupferimporte: Menschenrechtsverletzungen, Unternehmensverantwortung und Transparenz entlang der Lieferkette

Die vorliegende Studie untersucht, wie deutsche Unternehmen im Kupferbereich über die Herkunft ihrer Rohstoffe sowie über ihre Menschenrechtsstandards berichten. Die Studie geht dabei in fünf Schritten vor: Das erste Kapitel führt in die Thematik der Unternehmensverantwortung in globalen Lieferk...

Publication

Jan 1, 2017
Matthew Alford, Stephanie Barrientos, Margareet Visser

Multi-scalar Labour Agency in Global Production Networks: Contestation and Crisis in the South African Fruit Sector

Integration into global production networks poses significant challenges, and also opens up opportunities, for labour agency. Governance by lead firms affects working conditions and can drive precarious employment; this interacts with and can constrain national labour legislation covering labour rig...

Publication

Jan 1, 2016
Sebastian Krautheim, Thierry Verdier

Offshoring with endogenous NGO activism

The process of globalization is characterized by an impressive growth of global value chains, as well as the proliferation of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) interacting with multinational firms. This paper presents a model of offshoring and NGO–firm interactions in which offshoring to a low...

Publication

Jan 1, 2015
Sadaat Ali Yawar, Stefan Seuring

Management of Social Issues in Supply Chains: A Literature Review Exploring Social Issues, Actions and Performance Outcomes

The social dimension of sustainable develop- ment and its impact on supply chains have so far received less attention than the environmental dimension. The aim of the research is to explore the intersection between social issues, corporate social responsibility (CSR) actions and performance outcomes...

Publication

Jan 1, 2014
Marion Werner, Jennifer Bair, Victor Ramiro Fernández

Linking Up to Development? Global Value Chains and the Making of a Post-Washington Consensus

Over the last decade, the global value chain (GVC) approach, with its associated notions of chain governance and firm upgrading, has proliferated as a mode of analysis and of intervention amongst development institutions. This article examines the adoption and adaptation of GVCs at four multilateral...

Publication

Jan 1, 2014
Daniele Giovannucci, Oliver von Hagen, Joseph Wozniak

Corporate Social Responsibility and the Role of Voluntary Sustainability Standards

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is becoming a standard feature particularly for large and consumer-oriented firms. What started in the late 1960s as something closer to charity or philanthropy has evolved dramatically in recent years. Yet, as actualization of the CSR concept is increasingly ex...

Publication

Scroll to Top