Amendolagine, V., Chaminade, C., Guimón, J., & Rabellotti, R.
Cross-border Knowledge Flows Through R&D FDI: Implications for Low-and Middle-income Countries.
Manufacturing, Trade and FDI
R&D related foreign direct investments represent a powerful mechanism for cross-border knowledge sharing that can stimulate the process of technological catch-up. However, low-income countries and smaller middle-income countries remain largely excluded from this kind of global flows of knowledge. In this chapter, we discuss the motivations and implications of this type of FDI for low and middle income countries, building on a critical review of the existing literature and analyze the trajectory of R&D FDI during the period 2003-2017 by region and industry. The data is used as a point of departure to discuss potential policies specially tailored for low and middle income countries and their capacity to attract and anchor R&D related FDI for technological catch-up. The paper finalizes outlining a future research agenda.