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Annalisa Primi

OECD

Dr. Annalisa Primi is Senior Economist and Head of Structural Polices and Innovation Unit at the OECD Development Centre (Paris, France) in charge of analysis and policy advice on innovation, structural change and industrial development. She is the Head of the OECD Policy Dialogue Initiative on GVCs, Production Transformation and Development. She has been the lead-economist for the OECD (2013), Perspectives on Global Development 2013: Industrial policies in a Changing World. She joined the OECD in 2009, and previously to the Development Centre, she worked as economist for the Directorate of Science, Technology and Industry and for the Directorate for Public Governance and Territorial Development. From 2003 to 2009 she was Associated Expert Economic Officer at the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (CEPAL), in Santiago, Chile.
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publication
The fourth industrial revolution, changing global value chains and industrial upgrading in emerging economies

The 4IR can open windows of opportunity for emerging economies but also raises red flags in terms of the main challenges that these changes pose to firms, industrial systems and policy approaches. Benefiting from it will not be automatic, as these economies suffer from several gaps that hamper their possibility to operate in a digital industrial landscape. However, with a capable entrepreneurial state, developing economies could use the ongoing uncertain and fast-changing scenario to fast track their development. As partnerships become more relevant for innovations due to technological convergence, competition policies and standards to avoid monopolistic positions and excessive concentration are needed to maintain the space for bottom-up innovation.

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publication
A global perspective on industry 4.0 and development: new gaps or opportunities to leapfrog?

This paper contributes to the debate on digitalisation and development focusing on industrial organisation and production processes. It analyses the evolution of the global development landscape since the 1990s and provides a taxonomy of channels through which Industry 4.0 is redefining the patterns of value creation and appropriation. It clarifies the impacts of these changes on developing economies and presents policy options to avoid that Industry 4.0 becomes another and even greater source of development gaps within and between countries.

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publication
From domestic to regional to global: Factory Africa and factory Latin America?

This chapter provides a brief overview of upgrading and GVC terminologies, providing insights on interpretability pitfalls. It offers evidence of the complementarities between strong domestic supply chains and imports and then demonstrates the importance of strong regional value chains for integration at a global level. And to illustrate the complementarities, it ends with examples of broad and targeted policies that countries are implementing for the motor vehicle value chain.

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