Journal of Economic Policy Reform · Journal of Economic Policy Reform
The fourth industrial revolution, changing global value chains and industrial upgrading in emerging economies
The 4IR can open windows of opportunity for emerging economies but also raises red flags in terms of the main challenges that these changes pose to firms, industrial systems and policy approaches. Benefiting from it will not be automatic, as these economies suffer from several gaps that hamper their possibility to operate in a digital industrial landscape. However, with a capable entrepreneurial state, developing economies could use the ongoing uncertain and fast-changing scenario to fast track their development. As partnerships become more relevant for innovations due to technological convergence, competition policies and standards to avoid monopolistic positions and excessive concentration are needed to maintain the space for bottom-up innovation.
Full publication is available on: DOI 10.1080/17487870.2020.1735386
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Dr. Annalisa Primi is Senior Economist and Head of Structural Polices and Innovation Unit at the OECD Development Centre (Paris, France) in charge of analysis and policy advice on innovation, structural change and industrial development. She is the Head of the OECD Policy Dialogue Initiative on GVCs, Production Transformation and Development. She has been the lead-economist for the OECD (2013), Perspectives on Global Development 2013: Industrial policies in a Changing World. She joined the OECD in 2009, and previously to the Development Centre, she worked as economist for the Directorate of Science, Technology and Industry and for the Directorate for Public Governance and Territorial Development. From 2003 to 2009 she was Associated Expert Economic Officer at the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (CEPAL), in Santiago, Chile.Read more about Annalisa Primi ›