Critical Minerals and Routes to Diversification in Africa: Opportunities for Diversification into Renewable Energy Technologies – The Case of Morocco

Elvis K. Avenyo and Antonio Andreoni
DOI number

#The Middle East and North Africa
Additional info: Background paper commissioned by the UNCTAD secretariat for the 2023 edition of the Economic Development in Africa Report

This paper maps the emerging opportunities and challenges for diversification into renewable energy technology value chains and develops a framework that analyses how Morocco can potentially localise and capture value within these supply networks, including leading the building and development of renewable energy technology regional value chains. In doing this, we develop an in-depth country case study and highlights Morocco’s routes to diversification, including opportunities for regional coordination and industrial development. The industrial policy lessons for productive transformation across Africa are discussed based on the empirical and sectoral-specific case studies.


Elvis K. Avenyo

Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development (CCRED), University of Johannesburg

Antonio Andreoni

SOAS University of London

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